Available Weekly Reports
There are no activity reports for Uzon.
Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|200 ± 300 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology||Khloridnoe Lake|
|1550 BCE (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology||Bannoe Lake|
|5700 BCE ± 50 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)||N part of caldera (Lake Dal'ny maar)|
|5750 BCE (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology|
The twin Uzon and Geysernaya calderas, containing Kamchatka's largest geothermal area, form a 7 x 18 km depression that originated during multiple eruptions during the mid-Pleistocene. Widespread ignimbrite deposits associated with caldera formation have a volume of 20-25 cu km (exclusive of airfall deposits) and cover an area of 1700 sq km. Post-caldera activity was largely Pleistocene in age and consisted of the extrusion of small silicic lava domes and flows and maar formation in the Geysernaya caldera. The Lake Dal'ny maar in the NE part of the 9 x 12 km western caldera, Uzon, is early Holocene in age, and several Holocene phreatic eruptions have been documented in the Geysernaya caldera. The extensive high-temperature hydrothermal system includes the many hot springs, mudpots, and geysers of the Valley of Geysers, a 4-km-long canyon on the SE margin of the Uzon-Geysernaya depression. Hydrothermal explosions took place in the caldera in 1986 and 1989.