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The 5-km-wide Zavodovski Island, the northernmost of the South Sandwich Islands, consists of a single 551-m-high basaltic stratovolcano with two parasitic cones on the east side. Mount Curry, the island's summit, lies west of the center of the island, which is more eroded on that side. Two fissures extend NE from the summit towards the east-flank craters, and a lava platform is located along the eastern coast. Zavodovski is the most frequently visited of the South Sandwich Islands. It was erupting when first seen in 1819 by the explorer Bellingshausen, and the volcano has been reported to be smoking during subsequent visits.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1908 Nov ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||1|
|[ 1830 Sep ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||1|
|[ 1823 ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||1|
|1819 Dec||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Zawadowski | Ssawadowski | Sawadowsky | Prince Island|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Curry, Mount||Submarine cone||551 m||56° 18' 0" S||27° 34' 0" W|
|Steam clouds rise from glacier-clad Mount Curry, the 551-m-high summit of Zavodovski Island in this aerial view from the south. Icebergs lie off the shores of the 5-km-wide island, the most frequently visited and northernmost of the South Sandwich Islands. Two young eruptive fissures extend NE from the summit toward craters located below the icecap on the east flank and were the source of a lava platform extending toward Pungent Point (right).
Photograph by HMS Endurance (courtesy of John Smellie, British Antarctic Survey).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Berninghausen W H, Neumann van Padang M, 1960. Antarctica. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 10: 1-32.
LeMasurier W E, Thomson J W (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. Washington, D C: Amer Geophys Union, 487 p.