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There are no activity reports for Candlemas Island.
Available Weekly Reports
There are no Weekly Reports available for Candlemas Island.
Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1953 Dec 31 ± 365 days ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||0||NW flank (Lucifer Hill)|
|1911 Nov 6||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||NW flank (Lucifer Hill)|
|1823||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||NW flank (Lucifer Hill)|
|1250 BCE (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||Ice Core||S Sandwich Is (probably Candlemass)|
The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.
Berninghausen W H, Neumann van Padang M, 1960. Antarctica. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 10: 1-32.
LeMasurier W E, Thomson J W (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. Washington, D C: Amer Geophys Union, 487 p.
Tomblin J F, 1979. The South Sandwich Islands: II. The geology of Candlemas Island. Brit Antarctic Surv Sci Rpt, 92: 1-33.
The southern end of Candlemas Island consists of an eroded, glacier-covered basaltic stratovolcano cut by steep cliffs on the east. Lava flows along the cliff dip to the west, suggesting that the original summit vent was beyond the eastern shoreline. The northern end of the irregularly shaped, 6-km-long island consists of an andesitic-to-dacitic complex of scoria cones with radiating lava flows. These initially formed a separate island but now consist of a low attached platform that is estimated to be no more than a few hundred years old (LeMasurier and Thomson, 1990). Dark brown clouds mixed with white steam were reported in 1823 and 1911, but it has not been demonstrated which, if any, of the young north flank lava flows formed since the island was discovered in 1775. Geysers and hot pools have been observed on several occasions during the 20th century. Vindication Island, of possible Holocene age, is located 4.5 km west of Candlemas Island.