Lanzarote

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 29.03°N
  • 13.63°W

  • 670 m
    2198 ft

  • 383060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Lanzarote.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Lanzarote.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1824 Jul 31 1824 Oct 24 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Tao, Nuevo del Fuego, Tinguatón
1730 Sep 1 1736 Apr 16 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Montañas del Fuego
0700 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Magnetism Mazo, Santa Catalina, Corazoncillo
0500 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Magnetism Montaña de Juan Perdomo

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Arana V, Carracedo J C, 1979. Los Volcanes de las Islas Canarias. II. Lanzarote-Fuerteventura. Madrid: Rueda, 176 p.

Carracedo J C, 1994. The Canary Islands: an example of structural control on the growth of large oceanic-island volcanoes. J Volc Geotherm Res, 60: 225-241.

Carracedo J C, Badiola E R, 1991. Lanzarote, la Erupcion Volcanica de 1730. Lanzarote: Servicio de Publicaciones, 184 p.

Carracedo J C, Badiola E R, Soler V, 1992. The 1730-1736 eruption of Lanzarote, Canary Islands: a long, high-magnitude basaltic fissure eruption. J Volc Geotherm Res, 53: 239-250.

Fuster J M, Fernandez Santin S, Sagredo J, 1968. Geologia y Volcanologia de las Islas Canarias - Lanzarote. Madrid: Inst "Lucas Mallada", 177 p.

Neumann van Padang M, Richards A F, Machado F, Bravo T, Baker P E, Le Maitre R W, 1967. Atlantic Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 21: 1-128.

Ortiz R, Arana V, Valberde C, 1986. Aproximacion al conocimiento del mecanismo de la erupcion de 1730-1736 en Lanzarote. Sociedad Espanola Fisica, Anales Fisica, Ser B, 82: 127-142.

Romero C, 1991. Las Manifestaciones Volcanicas Historicas del Archipielago Canario. Tenerife: Gobierno de Canarias, 2 vol, 695 & 768 p.

Schmincke H-U, Sumita M, 2010. Geological evolution of the Canary Islands. Koblenz: Gorres-Verlag: 188 p.

Solana M C, Kilburn C R J, Rodriguez Badiola E, Aparicio A, 2004. Fast emplacement of extensive pahoehoe flow-fields: the case of the 1736 flows from Montana de las Nueces, Lanzarote. J Volc Geotherm Res, 132: 189-207.

The 60-km-long island of Lanzarote at the NE end of the Canary Islands contains the largest concentration of youthful volcanism in the Canaries. Pleistocene-and-Holocene cinder cones and lava flows erupted along NE-SW-trending fissures are found throughout the low-altitude arid island and on smaller islands to the north. The largest historical eruption of the Canary Islands took place during 1730-36, when long-term eruptions from a NE-SW-trending fissure formed the Montañas del Fuego and produced voluminous lava flows that covered about 200 sq km. The lava flows reached the western coast along a broad, 20-km-wide front. The villages of Maretas and Santa Catalina were destroyed, along with the most fertile valleys and estates of the arid island. An eruption during 1824 produced a much smaller lava flow that reached the SW coast.