Gran Canaria

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 28°N
  • 15.58°W

  • 1950 m
    6396 ft

  • 383040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Gran Canaria.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Gran Canaria.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0040 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Bandama
0010 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) El Garañón
0580 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Doramas and El Lentiscal
0590 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Sima de Jinámar
0620 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Montaña Negra de Jinámar
0920 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Jabalobos
1010 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Pinos de Gáldar
1180 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Montañón Negro
1250 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Fagajesto
4630 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) San Mateo
4670 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) El Hoyo

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Fuster J M, Hernandez-Pacheco A, Munoz M, Rodriguez Badiola E, Garcia Cacho L, 1968. Geologia y Volcanologia de las Islas Canarias - Gran Canaria. Madrid: Inst "Lucas Mallada", 243 p.

Guillou H, Perez Torado F J, Hansen Machin A R, Carracedo J C, Gimeno D, 2004. The Plio-Quaternary volcanic evolution of Gran Canaria based on new K-Ar ages and magnetostratigraphy. J Volc Geotherm Res, 135: 221-246.

Mitchell-Thome R C, 1976. Geology of the Middle Atlantic Islands. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 382 p.

Neumann van Padang M, Richards A F, Machado F, Bravo T, Baker P E, Le Maitre R W, 1967. Atlantic Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 21: 1-128.

Rodriguez-Gonzalez A, Fernandez-Turiel J L, Perez-Torrado F J, Hansen A, Aulinas M, Carracedo J C, Gimeno D, Guillou H, Paris R, Paterne M, 2009. The Holocene volcanic history of Gran Canaria island: implications for volcanic hazards. J Quat Sci, 24: 697-709.

Schmincke H-U, Sumita M, 2010. Geological evolution of the Canary Islands. Koblenz: Gorres-Verlag: 188 p.

Schminke H U, 1990. Geological field guide--Gran Canaria. IAVCEI 1990 Internatl Volc Cong, Mainz, Excur 7BI: 1-199.

The largely Miocene-to-Pliocene island of Gran Canaria in the middle of the Canary archipelago has been strongly eroded into steep-walled radial gorges called barrancos. Three major volcanic structures form the circular 60-km-wide island, which has been modified by caldera collapse, gravitational edifice failure, and extensive erosion. Middle Quaternary scoria cones and lava flows are found in the northern and eastern parts of the massive shield volcano, which is cut by a major NW-SE-trending rift zone that extends across the island and fed flows primarily to the NE. Very young basaltic cones and lava flows of Holocene age are situated within a NW-trending zone from Berrazales to Bandama and at Las Isletas, a peninsula on the NE coast. One cinder cone was radiocarbon dated at about 3000 years before present, and other cones and flows may be less than 1000 years old.