Tenerife

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 28.271°N
  • 16.641°W

  • 3715 m
    12185 ft

  • 383030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

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12 May-18 May 2004

Local volcanologists reported that there was increased seismicity at Tenerife in mid-May, according to a news article. The article stated that during several days before 18 May there were "five successive low-intensity earthquakes in the island's most volcanically active zone in the area between Mont Teide and Santiago del Teide." The director of the Estación Vulcanológica de Canarias stated that the earthquakes, which were less than M 2, could be an early sign that something unusual was happening at the volcano.

Source: Yorkshire Post Today News



 Available Weekly Reports


2004: May


12 May-18 May 2004

Local volcanologists reported that there was increased seismicity at Tenerife in mid-May, according to a news article. The article stated that during several days before 18 May there were "five successive low-intensity earthquakes in the island's most volcanically active zone in the area between Mont Teide and Santiago del Teide." The director of the Estación Vulcanológica de Canarias stated that the earthquakes, which were less than M 2, could be an early sign that something unusual was happening at the volcano.

Source: Yorkshire Post Today News


Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1909 Nov 18 1909 Nov 27 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NW rift zone (Chinyero)
1798 Jun 9 1798 Sep 14 (?) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations SW flank of Pico Viejo (Chahorra)
1706 May 5 1706 Jun 13 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NW rift zone (Garachico)
1704 Dec 31 1705 Mar 27 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NW rift zone (Siete Fuentes, Fasnia, Güímar)
1492 Aug 24 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations NW rift zone (Montaña Boca Cangrejo)
[ 1444 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Pico del Teide
[ 1430 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1396 ± 3 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1341 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1060 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW rift zone (Montaña Reventada)
0800 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (corrected) Pico de Tiede
0700 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NE rift zone (Volcán Negro)
0240 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW flank of Pico Viejo (Roques Blancos)
0190 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Cuevas Negras)
0090 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW rift zone (Los Hornitos)
0040 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Teide-Pico Viejo complex
0030 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW flank of Pico Viejo (Roques Blancos)
0080 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Montaña Blanca, Pico Viejo
0520 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Teide-Pico Viejo complex
0580 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW flank of Teide (El Boquerón)
0670 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW rift zone (Volcán el Ciego)
1050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montaña de Cascajo)
1150 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide SW flank (Los Gemelos)
1400 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montaña Samara)
1650 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide SW flank (La Mancha Ruana)
1700 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montaña Botija)
1980 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW rift zone (Montaña de Chío)
2250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide SE flank (Montaña Majúa)
2300 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montaña Cruz de Tea)
2650 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Las Montañetas Negras)
2850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide SE flank (Montaña de la Cruz)
3050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montaña Bilma)
3450 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montaña Cruz)
3540 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Teide NE flank (lower Montaña Abejera)
3750 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montaña del Estrucho)
3960 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Teide NE flank (upper Montaña Abejera)
4200 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW rift zone (Montaña Cueve de Ratón)
4650 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide NE flank (Montañas de los Corrales)
5250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide E flank (Montaña de los Corrales)
5550 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide N flank (Pico Cabras)
5750 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide NE flank (Montañas de los Conejos)
6200 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NW rift zone (Montaña Liferfe)
6550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Teide NNE flank (Montaña del Abrunco)
6850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montaña de Abeque)
7260 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) NE flank (Montaña Negra-Los Tomillos)
7550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Montañas Negras)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Ablay G J, Ernst G G J, Marti J, Sparks R S J, 1995. The ~2 ka subplinian eruption of Montana Blanca, Tenerife. Bull Volc, 57: 337-355.

Ablay G J, Marti J, 2000. Stratigraphy, structure, and volcanic evolution of the Pico Teide-Pico Viejo formation, Tenerife, Canary Islands. J Volc Geotherm Res, 103: 175-208.

Ablay G, Hurlimann M, 2000. Evolution of the north flank of Tenerife by recurrent giant landslides. J Volc Geotherm Res, 103: 135-159.

Ancochea E, Fuster J M, Ibarrola E, Cendrero A, Coello J, Hernan F, Cantagrel J M, Jamond C, 1990. Volcanic evolution of the island of Tenerife (Canary Islands) in the light of new K-Ar data. J Volc Geotherm Res, 44: 231-249.

Ancochea E, Huertas M J, Cantagrel J M, Coello J, Fuster J M, Arnaud N, Ibarrola E, 1999. Evolution of the Canadas edifice and its implications for the origin of the Canadas caldera (Tenerife, Canary Islands). J Volc Geotherm Res, 88: 177-199.

Brown R J, Barry T L, Branney M J, Pringle M S, Bryan S E, 2003. The Quaternary pyroclastic succession of southeast Tenerife, Canary Islands: explosive eruptions, related caldera subsidence, and sector collapse. Geol Mag, 140: 265-288.

Brown R J, Branney M J, 2004. Event-stratigraphy of a caldera-forming ignimbrite eruption on Tenerife: the 273 ka Poris Formation. Bull Volc, 66: 392-416.

Bryan S E, 2006. Petrology and geochemistry of the Quaternary caldera-forming, phonolitic Granadilla eruption, Tenerife (Canary Islands). J Petr, 47: 1557-1589.

Bryan S E, Cas R A F, Marti J, 2000. The 0.57 Ma plinian eruption of the Granadilla Member, Tenerife (Canary Islands): an example of the complexity in eruption dynamics and evolution. J Volc Geotherm Res, 103: 209-238.

Carracedo J C, 1994. The Canary Islands: an example of structural control on the growth of large oceanic-island volcanoes. J Volc Geotherm Res, 60: 225-241.

Carracedo J C, 2006. El Volcan Teide, Volcanologia, Interpretacion de Paisajes e Itinerarios Comentados. CajaCanarias, 431 p.

Carracedo J C, Paterne M, Guillou H, Perez Torrado F J, Paris R, Rodriguex BAdiola E, Hansen A, 2003. Dataciones radiometreicas (14C y K/Ar) del Teide y el rift noroeste, Tenerife, Islas Canarias. Estudios Geol Museo Nac Ciencias Nat, 59: 15-29.

Carracedo J C, Rodriguez Badiola E, Guillou H, Paterne M, Scaillet S, Perez Torrado F J, Paris R, Fra-Paleo U, Hansen A, 2007. Eruptive and structural history of Teide volcano and rift zones of Tenerife, Canary Islands. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 119: 1027-1051.

Carracedo J C, Singer B, Jicha B, Perez Torrado F J, Guillou H, Badiola E R, Paris R, 2010. Pre-Holocene age of Humboldt's 1430 eruption of the Orotava Valley, Tenerife, Canary Islands. Geol Today, 26: 101-104.

Cas R, Edgar C J, Pittari A, Middleton J, Wolff J, Marti J, Olin P, Nichols H, 2005. Using the stratigraphic record to understand the nature of caldera collapse: the 1.59-present Las Canadas caldera complex, Tenerife, Spain. Workshop Caldera Volcanism: Analysis, Modelling and Response, Parador de las Canadas, 16-22 October, 2005, Abs, p 7-8.

Coppo N, Schnegg P-A, Heise W, Falco P, Costa R, 2008. Multiple caldera collapses from the shallow electrical resistivity signature of the Las Canadas caldera, Tenerife, Canary Islands. J Volc Geotherm Res, 170: 153-166.

del Potro R, Pinkerton H, Hurlimann M, 2009. An analysis of the morphological, geological and structural features of Teide stratovolcano, Tenerife. J Volc Geotherm Res, 181: 89-105.

Edgar C J, Wolff J A, Nichols H J, Cas R A F, Marti J, 2002. A complex Quaternary ignimbrite-forming phonolitic eruption: the Poris Member of the Diego Hernandez Formation (Tenerife, Canary Islands). J Volc Geotherm Res, 118: 99-130.

Edgar C J, Wolff J A, Olin P H, Nichols H J, Pittari A, Cas R A F, Reiners P W, Spell T L, Marti J, 2007. The late Quaternary Diego Hernandez Formation, Tenerife: volcanology of a complex cycle of voluminous explosive phonolitic eruptions. J Volc Geotherm Res, 160: 59-85.

Fuster J M, Arana V, Brandle J L, Navarro M, Alonso U, Aparicio A, 1968. Geologia y Volcanologia de las Islas Canarias - Tenerife. Madrid: Inst "Lucas Mallada", 218 p.

Huertas M J, Arnaud N O, Ancochea E, Cantagrel J M, Fuster J M, 2002. 40Ar/39Ar stratigraphy of pyroclastic units from the Canadas edifice (Tenerife, Canary Islands) and their bearing on the structural evolution. J Volc Geotherm Res, 115: 351-365.

Marti J, Gundmundsson A, 2000. The Las Canadas caldera (Tenerife, Canary Islands): an overlapping collapse caldera generated by magma-chamber migration. J Volc Geotherm Res, 103: 161-173.

Marti J, Mitjavila J, Arana V, 1994. Stratigraphy, structure and geochronology of the Las Canadas caldera (Tenerife, Canary Islands). Geol Mag, 131: 715-727.

Mitchell N C, Masson D G, Watts A B, Gee M J R, Urgeles R, 2002. The morphology of the submarine flanks of volcanic ocean islands, a comparative study of the Canary and Hawaiian hotspot islands. J Volc Geotherm Res, 115: 83-107.

Mitchell-Thome R C, 1976. Geology of the Middle Atlantic Islands. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 382 p.

Neumann van Padang M, Richards A F, Machado F, Bravo T, Baker P E, Le Maitre R W, 1967. Atlantic Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 21: 1-128.

Newhall C G, Dzurisin D, 1988. Historical unrest at large calderas of the world. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1855: 1108 p, 2 vol.

Pittari A, Cas R A F, Marti J, 2005. The occurrence and origin of prominent massive, pumice-rich ignimbrite lobes within the Late Pleistocene Abrigo Ignimbrite, Tenerife, Canary Islands. J Volc Geotherm Res, 139: 271-293.

Ridley W I, 1971. The field relations of the Canadas volcanoes, Tenerife, Canary Islands. Bull Volc, 35: 318-334.

Romero C, 1991. Las Manifestaciones Volcanicas Historicas del Archipielago Canario. Tenerife: Gobierno de Canarias, 2 vol, 695 & 768 p.

Schmincke H-U, Sumita M, 2010. Geological evolution of the Canary Islands. Koblenz: Gorres-Verlag: 188 p.

Soriano C, Galindo I, Marti J, Wolff J, 2006. Conduit-vent structures and related proximal deposits in the Las Canadas caldera, Tenerife, Canary Islands. Bull Volc, 69: 217-231.

Watts A B, Masson D G, 2001. New sonar evidence for recent catastrophic collapses of the north flank of Tenerife, Canary Islands. Bull Volc, 63: 8-19.

The large triangular island of Tenerife is composed of a complex of overlapping Miocene-to-Quaternary stratovolcanoes that have remained active into historical time. The NE-trending Cordillera Dorsal volcanic massif joins the Las Cañadas volcano on the SW side of Tenerife with older volcanoes, creating the largest volcanic complex of the Canary Islands. Controversy surrounds the formation of the dramatic 10 x 17 km Las Cañadas caldera, which is partially filled by 3715-m-high Teide stratovolcano, the highest peak in the Atlantic Ocean. The origin of the caldera has been variably considered to be due to collapse following multiple major explosive eruptions or as a result of a massive landslide (in a manner similar to the earlier formation of the massive La Orotava and Guimar valleys), or a combination of the two processes. The most recent stage of activity beginning in the late Pleistocene included the construction of the Pico Viejo and Teide edifices. Tenerife was perhaps observed in eruption by Christopher Columbus, and several flank vents on the Canary Island's most active volcano have been active during historical time.