Sete Cidades

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  • Portugal
  • Azores
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1880 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.87°N
  • 25.78°W

  • 856 m
    2808 ft

  • 382080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Sete Cidades.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Sete Cidades.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1880 Unknown Confirmed 0 Unknown Submarine vent off Sao Miguel
1861 Unknown Confirmed 0 Unknown Submarine vent off Sao Miguel
1811 Jun 14 1811 Jun 22 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Submarine vent west of Sete Cidades
1811 Feb 1 1811 Feb 8 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Submarine vent west of Sete Cidades
1713 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations West flank (Pico das Camarinhas)
1682 Dec 13 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Submarine vent west of Sete Cidades
1638 Jul 3 1638 Jul 28 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Submarine vent west of Sete Cidades
1444 (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Historical Observations SW side of caldera (Caldeira Seca)
1110 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) West flank (Ponta de Ferraria)
0950 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SE flank (Ferraria)
0670 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SE flank (Carvao)
0380 ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Tephrochronology SE caldera floor (Lagoa Rasa)
0090 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SE caldera floor (Lagoa de Santiago)
0750 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SE flank (Eguas)
2050 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Caldeira do Alfreres and NW flank
3050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Tephrochronology Seara Cerrado da Ladeira

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Booth B, Croasdale R, Walker G P L, 1978. A quantitative study of five thousand years of volcanism on Sao Miguel, Azores. Phil Trans Roy Soc London, Ser A, 288: 271-319.

Martins J A, 1982. Excursion guide for field trip V1, Island of Sao Miguel. Proc Internatl Symp Activity Oceanic Volc, Archipelago Univ Azores, 3: 315-328.

Moore R B, 1983a. Preliminary geologic map of Sete Cidades volcano, Sao Miguel, Azores (1:18,000). U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 83-742.

Moore R B, 1990. Volcanic geology and eruption frequency, Sao Miguel, Azores. Bull Volc, 52: 602-614.

Moore R B, 1991. Geologic map of Sao Miguel, Azores. U S Geol Surv Map, I-2007.

Neumann van Padang M, Richards A F, Machado F, Bravo T, Baker P E, Le Maitre R W, 1967. Atlantic Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 21: 1-128.

Newhall C G, Dzurisin D, 1988. Historical unrest at large calderas of the world. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1855: 1108 p, 2 vol.

Zbyszewski G, Moitinho de Almeida F, Veiga Ferreira O da, Torre de Assuncao C, 1958. Geologic map of Sao Miguel (Azores). Servicos Geologicos Portugal, two 1:50,000 scale maps with 22 and 37 p texts (in Portuguese).

Sete Cidades volcano at the western end of Sao Miguel Island contains a 5-km-wide summit caldera, occupied by two caldera lakes, that is one of the scenic highlights of the Azores. The steep-walled, 500-m-deep caldera was formed about 22,000 years ago, and at least 22 post-caldera eruptions have occurred. A large group of Pleistocene post-caldera trachytic lava domes, lava flows, and pyroclastic-flow deposits is found on the western-to-northern flanks. A nearly circular ring of six Holocene pyroclastic cones occupies the caldera floor. These have been the source of a dozen trachytic pumice-fall deposits erupted during the past 5000 years. Sete Cidades is one of the most active Azorean volcanoes. Historical eruptions date back to the 15th century and have occurred from within the caldera and from submarine vents off the west coast.