Bárdarbunga

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 64.63°N
  • 17.53°W

  • 2009 m
    6590 ft

  • 373030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Bárdarbunga.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Bárdarbunga.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 2008 Aug ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (West Loki cauldron)
[ 2006 Apr ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron)
[ 2005 Jul ] [ 2005 Aug ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (West Loki cauldron)
[ 2002 Jul ] [ 2002 Sep ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (W and E Loki cauldrons)
[ 2000 Aug ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (W and E Loki cauldrons)
[ 1997 Aug ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron)
[ 1996 Aug ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (West Loki cauldron)
[ 1995 Jul ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron)
[ 1991 Aug 12 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron)
[ 1986 Nov 29 ] [ 1986 Dec 1 (?) ] Uncertain 0   Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron)
1910 Jun 18 1910 Oct Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron)
1902 Dec 1903 Jun Confirmed 2 Unknown Dyngjuhals ?
1872 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Unknown Dyngjuhals ?
1862 Jun 30 1864 Oct 15 ± 45 days Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Trollagigar
[ 1807 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     NW-Vatnajökull
1797 Unknown Confirmed   Unknown
1794 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1769 Unknown Confirmed 2 Unknown
1766 Jul Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1750 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed   Ice Core
1739 Unknown Confirmed 2 Ice Core
1729 Unknown Confirmed 1 Unknown Dyngjuhals ?
1726 Feb 1 ± 30 days 1726 May 1 ± 30 days Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Dyngjujökull, Dyngjuhal ?
1720 Unknown Confirmed 2 Ice Core
1717 Aug 4 1717 Sep 17 (in or after) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1716 Oct 5 ± 4 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1712 Jan 15 ± 45 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1707 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1706 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1702 Unknown Confirmed 2 Unknown Dyngjuhals ?
1697 Unknown Confirmed 2 Ice Core
1477 Feb (?) Unknown Confirmed 6 Historical Observations Veidivötn (Veidivatnahraun)
1410 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
1350 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed   Ice Core
1290 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed   Ice Core
1270 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed   Ice Core
1250 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology Frambuni
1210 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed   Ice Core
1159 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1080 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
0940 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
0880 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
0870 (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Tephrochronology Vatnaöldur
0150 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Veidivötn (Tjorvahraun)
1200 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Veidivötn (Burfellshraun, Drekahraun)
4200 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Veidvötn (Sigolduhraun THf)
4400 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Veidvötn (Tungnaárhraun THe)
4550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Veidivötn (Sigolduhraun, Kalfahraun)
4600 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Veidvötn (Tungnaárhraun THd)
4800 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Veidvötn (Tungnaárhraun THc)
5000 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Trölladyngja
6650 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Veidivötn (Thjorsarhraun)
7050 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Veidivötn (Haahraun, Botnahraun)
7100 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Trölladyngja (Bardarhalshraun)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Barth T F W, 1950. Volcanic geology, hot springs, and geysers of Iceland. Carnegie Inst Wash Pub, 587: 1-126.

Bjornsson H, Einarsson P, 1990. Volcanoes beneath Vatnajokull, Iceland: evidence from radio echo-sounding, earthquakes and jokulhlaups. Jokull, 40: 147-168.

Gudmundsson A T, 1986a. Eruptions at Dyngjuhals in the 18th century. Natturufraedingurinn, 56: 43-48 (in Icelandic with English summary).

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Jakobsson S P, 1979. Petrology of recent basalts of the eastern volcanic zone, Iceland. Acta Nat Islandica, 26: 1-103.

Johannesson H, Saemundsson K, 1998. Geological map of Iceland, 1:500,000. Tectonics. Icelandic Inst Nat Hist, Reykjavik.

Kjartansson G, 1964. Geological Map of Iceland, Sheet 5, Central Iceland. Reykjavik: Museum Nat Hist Dept Geol Geog, 1:250,000 geol map.

Larsen G, 1984. Recent volcanic history of the Veidivotn fissure swarm, southern Iceland - an approach to volcanic risk assessment. J Volc Geotherm Res, 22: 33-58.

Larsen G, Gudmundsson M T, Bjornsson H, 1998. Eight centuries of periodic volcanism at the center of the hotspot revealed by glacier tephrostratigraphy. Geology, 26: 943-946.

Mork M E, 1984. Magma mixing in the post-glacial Veidivotn fissure eruption, southeast Iceland: a microprobe study of mineral and glass variations. Lithos, 17: 55-75.

Steinthorsson S, et al., 2002. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World - Iceland. Unpublished manuscript.

Thordarson T, Hoskuldsson A, 2008. Postglacial eruptions in Iceland. Jokull, 58: 197-228.

Vilmundardottir E G, Gudmundsson A, Snorrason S P, Larsen G, 1990. Geological map, Botnafjoll, 1913 IV, 1:50,000. Iceland Geodetic Surv, Natl Energy Authority and Natl Power Company, Reykjavik.

Vilmundardottir E G, Snorrason S P, Larsen G, Gudmundsson A, 1988. Geological Map, Sigalda-Veidivotn 3340 B, 1:50,000. Reykjavik: Natl Energy Authority, Hydro Power Div and Natl Power Company.

The large central volcano of Bárdarbunga lies beneath the NW part of the Vatnajökull icecap, NW of Grímsvötn volcano, and contains a subglacial 700-m-deep caldera. Related fissure systems include the Veidivötn and Trollagigar fissures, which extend about 100 km SW to near Torfajökull volcano and 50 km NE to near Askja volcano, respectively. Voluminous fissure eruptions, including one at Thjorsarhraun, which produced the largest known Holocene lava flow on Earth with a volume of more than 21 cu km, have occurred throughout the Holocene into historical time from the Veidivötn fissure system. The last major eruption of Veidivötn, in 1477, also produced a large tephra deposit. The subglacial Loki-Fögrufjöll volcanic system located SW of Bárdarbunga volcano is also part of the Bárdarbunga volcanic system and contains two subglacial ridges extending from the largely subglacial Hamarinn central volcano; the Loki ridge trends to the NE and the Fögrufjöll ridge to the SW. Jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods) from eruptions at Bárdarbunga potentially affect drainages in all directions.