Reykjanes

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 63.88°N
  • 22.5°W

  • 230 m
    754 ft

  • 371020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Reykjanes.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Reykjanes.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1970 (?) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Reykjaneshryggur (Eldeyjarbodi)
[ 1966 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Reykjaneshryggur (Eldeyjarbodi)
1926 Jun 5 ± 4 days Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur (NE of Eldey)
[ 1884 Jul 26 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2   Reykjaneshryggur (NW of Eldey)
1879 May 30 (?) 1879 Jun 15 ± 5 days Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur (Geirfugladrangur)
1830 Mar 13 (?) 1831 Mar (?) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur (Eldeyjarbodi)
1783 May 1 (in or before) 1783 Aug 15 ± 60 days Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur (Nyey)
[ 1661 Dec ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1583 Jul 15 ± 45 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur (near Eldeyjar Islands)
1422 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur (Geirfuglasker-Eldey area)
1340 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur
1240 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur, Arnarsetur, Illahraun
1238 Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur
1231 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur, R-10 tephra
1226 Jul 15 ± 45 days 1227 (?) Confirmed 4 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur, R-9 tephra
1223 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur, R-8 tephra
1211 Aug 31 ± 30 days Unknown Confirmed 4 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur, Karlsgigur; R-7 tephra
1211 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Stampar, Karlsgigur
1210 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Vatnsfellsgigur
1179 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Reykjaneshryggur, R-5 and R-6 tephras
0920 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Reykjaneshryggur (near Eldey), R-4 tephra
0200 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Lambagj√°
0400 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Sundhnukar
1800 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Reykjaneshryggur, Stampar, R-2, R-3 tephras
3800 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Reykjaneshryggur, R-1 tephra
4000 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology Sandfellshaed
5040 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Hopsnes
8000 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology Thrainskjöldur

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Andrew R E B, Gudmundsson A, 2007. Distribution, structure, and formation of Holocene lava shields in Iceland. J Volc Geotherm Res, 168: 137-154.

Gudmundsson A T, 1986b. Iceland-Fires. Reykjavik: Vaka-Helgafell, 168 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Jakobsson S P, Jonasson K, Sigurdsson I A, 2008. The three igneous rock series of Iceland. Jokull, 58: 117-138.

Jakobsson S P, Jonsson J, Shido F, 1978. Petrology of the western Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland. J Petr, 19: 669-705.

Jenness M H, Clifton A E, 2009. Controls on the geometry of a Holocene crater row: a field study from southwest Iceland. Bull Volc, 71: 715-528.

Johannesson H, Einarsson S, 1988b. The age of Illahraun at Svartsengi. Fjolrit Natturufraedistofnunar, 7: 1-11 (in Icelandic with English summary).

Johannesson H, Saemundsson K, 1998. Geological map of Iceland, 1:500,000. Tectonics. Icelandic Inst Nat Hist, Reykjavik.

Jonsson J, 1978. Geology of the Reykjanes Peninsula. Orkustofnun Jardhitadeild, OS-JHD-7831, Geol maps and 303 p text (in Icelandic).

Saemundsson K, Einarsson S, 1980. Geological map of Iceland, sheet 3, south-west Iceland. Icelandic Museum Nat Hist & Iceland Geodetic Surv, 1:250,000 geol map.

Sigurgeirsson M A, 1992. Tephra fall formations on the Reykjanes Peninsula. Unpublished MSci thesis, Univ Iceland, 114 p.

Steinthorsson S, et al., 2002. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World - Iceland. Unpublished manuscript.

Thordarson T, Hoskuldsson A, 2008. Postglacial eruptions in Iceland. Jokull, 58: 197-228.

The Reykjanes volcanic system at the SW tip of the Reykjanes Peninsula, where the Mid-Atlantic Ridge rises above sea level, comprises a broad area of postglacial basaltic crater rows and small shield volcanoes. The submarine Reykjaneshryggur volcanic system is contiguous with and is considered part of the Reykjanes volcanic system, which is the westernmost of a series of four closely-spaced en-echelon fissure systems that extend diagonally across the Reykjanes Peninsula. Most of the subaerial part of the volcanic system (also known as the Reykjanes/Svartsengi volcanic system) is covered by Holocene lavas. Subaerial eruptions have occurred in historical time during the 13th century at several locations on the NE-SW-trending fissure system, and numerous submarine eruptions at Reykjaneshryggur dating back to the 12th century have been observed during historical time, some of which have formed ephemeral islands. Basaltic rocks of probable Holocene age have been recovered during dredging operations, and tephra deposits from earlier Holocene eruptions are preserved on the nearby Reykjanes Peninsula.