St. Catherine

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 12.15°N
  • 61.67°W

  • 840 m
    2755 ft

  • 360170
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for St. Catherine.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for St. Catherine.

There are no Holocene eruptions known for St. Catherine. If this volcano has had large eruptions prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Arculus R J, 1976. Geology and geochemistry of the alkali basalt-andesite association of Grenada, Lesser Antilles island arc. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 87: 612-624.

Devine J D, 1995. Petrogenesis of the basalt-andesite-dacite association of Grenada, Lesser Antilles island arc, revisited. J Volc Geotherm Res, 69: 1-33.

Robertson R, 2005. Grenada. In: Lindsay J M, Robertson R E A, Shepherd J B, Ali S (eds). {Volcanic Hazard Atlas of the Lesser Antilles}, Trinidad and Tobago, Seismic Res Unit, Univ West Indies, p 49-66.

Robson G R, Tomblin J, 1966. West Indies. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 20: 1-56.

Shepherd J B, 1989. Eruptions, eruption precursors and related phenomena in the Lesser Antilles. In: Latter J H (ed), {Volcanic Hazards - Assessment and Monitoring}, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, p 292-311.

Shepherd J B, 2001. Volcanoes of the eastern Caribbean: past activity and future hazards. Paper presented at the Workshop on Volcanic and Seismic Hazards in the eastern Caribbean, May 28- June 1, 2001, 57 p.

Sigurdsson H, 1979. . (pers. comm.).

Sigurdsson H, Shepherd J B, 1974. Amphibole-bearing basalts from the submarine volcano Kick'em Jenny in the Lesser Antilles Island Arc. Bull Volc, 38: 891-910.

Sigurdsson H, Sparks R S J, 1979. An active submarine volcano. Nat Hist, 88: 38-43.

The island of Grenada is composed of five Pliocene-to-Pleistocene volcanic centers, the youngest and highest of which is Mount St. Catherine on the northern end of the island. A complex of lava domes is located within a horseshoe-shaped crater breached to the east at the summit of 840-m-high Mount St. Catherine. Pyroclastic-flow deposits extend to the NW from the extensively weathered volcano. The most recent activity on Grenada originated from a group of young maars, tuff rings, and scoria cones that extend SSW-NNE across the length of the 30-km-long island. Kick 'em Jenny, the historically active submarine volcano 8 km north of Grenada, is listed separately in this compilation along with adjacent submarine and subaerial cones that may represent a single volcanic complex. No eruptions of St. Catherine are known in historical time, although the most recent eruption along a NE-SW-trending fault cutting across the island produced a scoria cone near Radix village that could be less than 1000 years old. Hot springs and fumaroles are present at several locations on Mount St. Catherine.