Soufrière Guadeloupe

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 16.044°N
  • 61.664°W

  • 1467 m
    4812 ft

  • 360060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Soufrière Guadeloupe.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Soufrière Guadeloupe.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1976 Jul 8 1977 Mar 1 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SE side of summit (Gouffre Tarissan)
1956 Oct 19 1956 Oct 27 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations ESE side, Napoléon Crater
[ 1903 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2   SE side summit dome
1836 Dec 3 1837 Feb 12 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SE to NW sides of summit dome
1812 Apr 1812 May 10 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations E-W fissure on summit dome
1797 Sep 29 1798 Apr 26 (?) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NNW side of summit dome
1696 Apr Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations North side of summit dome
1690 Apr 5 (in or after) Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Gouffre Dupuy, Gouffre Tarissan
1600 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
1440 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) La Soufrière
1370 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected)
1340 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0370 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) La Citerne and L'Eschelle cones
0580 BCE (after) Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) South flank (Morne Lenglet)
0820 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Morne Amic ?
0980 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
1310 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Morne Amic
1810 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
[ 2050 BCE (?) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
3310 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) South flank (Gros Fougas)
6450 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
7490 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Besson P, Poirier J-P, 1994. The 3100 BP eruption of the Soufriere of Guadeloupe - A transmission electron microscopy study of the cryptodome andesite. Bull Volc, 56: 184-192.

Boudon G, Semet M P, Vincent P M, 1989. The evolution of la Grande Decouverte (la Soufriere) volcano, Guadalope (FWI). In: Latter J H (ed), {Volcanic Hazards - Assessment and Monitoring}, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, p 86-109.

Komorowski J-C, Boudon G, Semet M, Beauducel F, Antenor-Habazac C, Bazin S, Hammouya G, 2005. Guadeloupe. In: Lindsay J M, Robertson R E A, Shepherd J B, Ali S (eds). {Volcanic Hazard Atlas of the Lesser Antilles}, Trinidad and Tobago, Seismic Res Unit, Univ West Indies, p 67-105.

Robson G R, Tomblin J, 1966. West Indies. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 20: 1-56.

Westercamp D, 1980. Une methode d'evaluation et de zonation des risques volcaniques a la Soufriere de Guadeloupe, Antilles Francaises. Bull Volc, 43: 431-452.

La Soufrière de la Guadeloupe volcano occupies the southern end of Basse-Terre, the western half of the butterfly-shaped island of Guadeloupe. Construction of the Grand Découverte volcano about 0.2 million years ago (Ma) was followed by caldera formation after a plinian eruption about 0.1 Ma, and then by construction of the Carmichaël volcano within the caldera. Two episodes of edifice collapse and associated large debris avalanches formed the Carmichaël and Amic craters about 11,500 and 3100 years ago, respectively. The presently active La Soufrière volcano subsequently grew within the Amic crater. The summit consists of a flat-topped lava dome, and several other domes occur on the southern flanks. Most historical eruptions have originated from NW-SE-trending fissure systems that cut across the summit and upper flanks. A relatively minor phreatic eruption in 1976-77 caused severe economic disruption when Basse-Terre, the island's capital city, which lies immediately below the volcano, was evacuated.