Nevis Peak

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  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • West Indies
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Uncertain Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 17.15°N
  • 62.58°W

  • 985 m
    3231 ft

  • 360040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Nevis Peak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nevis Peak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Nevis Peak.

The conical island of Nevis, lying across a narrow channel from St. Kitts (St. Christopher) Island, is a composite cone with overlapping summit craters. An unnamed lava dome is located NE of the rims of the two craters. Nevis Peak, the 985 m high point of the island, is located on the outer crater rim. The inner crater truncates the western rim of the earlier crater and is widely breached on the west side. A small lava dome was emplaced within the inner crater in recent pre-Columbian time, and pyroclastic flows and mudflows were deposited on the lower slopes of the cone. Four lava domes were constructed on the flanks of the volcano. Madden's Mount and Butlers Mountain were built on the NE and eastern flanks, respectively; Mount Lily lies on the NW coast and Saddle mountain on the southern coast. No historical eruptions are known from Nevis, and the youngest dated eruption was about 100,000 years ago. Active fumaroles and hot springs are found on the island (the most recent of these formed in 1953 and remains active), and seismic swarms have occurred on several occasions during the 20th century.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Nevis Peak. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Nevis Peak page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Butler's Mountain Dome 579 m 17° 9' 0" N 62° 34' 0" W
Cades Bay Dome 17° 12' 0" N 62° 37' 0" W
Hurricane Hill Dome
Madden's Mount
    Camps Ridge
Dome 274 m 17° 10' 0" N 62° 35' 0" W
Red Cliff Dome 17° 7' 0" N 62° 33' 0" W
Round Hill Dome 309 m 17° 12' 0" N 62° 36' 0" W
Saddle Hill Dome 387 m 17° 7' 0" N 62° 34' 0" W
Nevis Peak volcano is seen from a ferry approaching the port of Charlestown, which lies across a narrow channel from St. Kitts Island. The composite cone is capped by two overlapping summit craters that are partially filled by a lava dome. Four other lava domes were constructed on the flanks of the volcano. A small lava dome was emplaced within the inner crater in recent precolumbian time, and pyroclastic flows and mudflows were deposited on the lower slopes of the cone.

Photo by Kirstie Simpson, 2001 (Seismic Research Unit, University of West Indies).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Robson G R, Tomblin J, 1966. West Indies. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 20: 1-56.

Shepherd J B, 2001. Volcanoes of the eastern Caribbean: past activity and future hazards. Paper presented at the Workshop on Volcanic and Seismic Hazards in the eastern Caribbean, May 28- June 1, 2001, 57 p.

Simpson K, 2005. Nevis. In: Lindsay J M, Robertson R E A, Shepherd J B, Ali S (eds). {Volcanic Hazard Atlas of the Lesser Antilles}, Trinidad and Tobago, Seismic Res Unit, Univ West Indies, p 169-178.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
5,363
9,541
35,673
132,863

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Nevis Peak Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.