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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 17.63°N
  • 63.23°W

  • 887 m
    2909 ft

  • 360010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Saba.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Saba.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1640 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations SW flank

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Baker P E, Buckley F, Padfield T, 1980. Petrology of the volcanic rocks of Saba, West Indies. Bull Volc, 43: 337-346.

Defant M J, Sherman S, Maury R C, Bellon H, de Boer J, Davidson J, Kepezhinskas P, 2001. The geology, petrology, and petrogenesis of Saba Island, Lesser Antilles. J Volc Geotherm Res, 107: 87-111.

Lindsay J M, Robertson R E A, Shepherd J B, Ali S (eds), 2005a. Volcanic Hazard Atlas of the Lesser Antilles. Trinidad and Tobago, Seismic Res Unit, Univ West Indies, 279 p.

Robson G R, Tomblin J, 1966. West Indies. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 20: 1-56.

Roobol M J, Smith A L, 1989. Volcanic and associated hazards in the Lesser Antilles. In: Latter J H (ed), {Volcanic Hazards - Assessment and Monitoring}, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, p 57-85.

Roobol M J, Smith A L, 2004. Volcanology of Saba and St. Eustatius, northern Lesser Antilles. Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Letters, 320 p.

Shepherd J B, 2001. Volcanoes of the eastern Caribbean: past activity and future hazards. Paper presented at the Workshop on Volcanic and Seismic Hazards in the eastern Caribbean, May 28- June 1, 2001, 57 p.

Smith A L, Roobol M J, 2005a. Saba. In: Lindsay J M, Robertson R E A, Shepherd J B, Ali S (eds). {Volcanic Hazard Atlas of the Lesser Antilles}, Trinidad and Tobago, Seismic Res Unit, Univ West Indies, p 179-190.

Saba, the northernmost active volcano of the West Indies, is a small 5-km-diameter island forming the upper half of a large stratovolcano that rises 1500 m above the sea floor. Its eruptive history is characterized by the emplacement of lava domes and associated pyroclastic flows. The summit of the volcano, known as Mount Scenery (or The Mountain), is a Holocene lava dome that overtops a major collapse scarp that formed about 100,000 years ago. Flank domes were constructed on the SW, SE, east, and NE sides of the island near the coast. A large andesitic lava flow entered the sea on the NE flank, forming the Flat Point Peninsula, the only site level enough on which to locate the island's airport. The village of The Bottom overlies pyroclastic-surge deposits that contain European pottery fragments and were radiocarbon dated at 280 +/- 80 years before present. The village was settled in 1640 on grassy meadows on the volcano's flanks reflecting initial vegetation recovery following destruction of tropical rainforests by pyroclastic flows and surges. Lava dome growth may also have occurred during this SW-flank eruption.