Pali-Aike Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.082°S
  • 69.698°W

  • 282 m
    925 ft

  • 358080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Pali-Aike Volcanic Field.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Pali-Aike Volcanic Field.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
5550 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

D'Orazio M, Agostini S, Mazzarini F, Innocenti F, Manetti P, Haller M J, Lahsen A, 2000. The Pali Aike volcanic field, Patagonia: slab-window magmatism near the tip of South America. Tectonophysics, 321: 407-427.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Mazzarini F, D'Orazio M, 2003. Spatial distribution of cones and satellite-detected lineaments in the Pali Aike volcanic field (southernmost Patagonia): insights into the tectonic setting of a Neogene rift system. J Volc Geotherm Res, 125: 291-305.

Moreno H, 1985. . (pers. comm.).

Skewes M A, Stern C R, 1979. Petrology and geochemistry of alkali basalts and ultramafic inclusions from the Palei-Aike volcanic field in southern Chile and the origin of the Patagonian plateau lavas. J Volc Geotherm Res, 6: 3-25.

The 3000 sq km Pleistocene-to-Holocene Pali-Aike volcanic field straddles the Chile-Argentina border north of the Straits of Magellan, about 150 km NE of the town of Punta Arenas. The southernmost of the Patagonian basaltic plateau lavas, Pali-Aike contains lake-filled maars and basaltic scoria and spatter cones with associated fresh-looking lava flows. The distribution of maars and cones indicates that eruptions occurred along regional fissures oriented E-W and NW-SE. The earliest eruptions produced maars and associated lava flows that are now exposed only in river valleys. A second stage formed now-eroded spatter cones and soil-covered lava flows. The youngest cones and lava flows are found in the SE part of the volcanic field. The most recent volcanic event produced scoria and spatter cones and fresh lava flows not covered by soil. Ejecta covers prehistorical artifacts (Skewes and Stern, 1979).