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The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Monte Burney.
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Monte Burney, a large volcano in the Patagonian region of Chile, is the southernmost of a chain of stratovolcanoes of the Australandean arc. The 1758-m-high, ice-covered volcano lies about 200 km NW of the town of Punta Arenas. Monte Burney was constructed on the western rim of a 6-km-wide caldera, which is partially filled with and surrounded by an unglaciated pyroclastic-flow deposit. Flank vents produced andesitic-dacitic lava flows and pyroclastic material. Collapse of the edifice produced a major debris avalanche that traveled to the SSW. Two large plinian eruptions have been documented from Monte Burney during the Holocene. The only known historical eruption of Monte Burney took place in 1910.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1910 Mar||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|0090 BCE ± 100 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (corrected)|
|0800 BCE ± 500 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology|
|2320 BCE ± 100 years||Unknown||Confirmed||5||Radiocarbon (corrected)||MB2 tephra|
|3740 BCE ± 10 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (corrected)|
|7390 BCE ± 200 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology|
|7450 BCE ± 500 years||Unknown||Confirmed||5||Radiocarbon (corrected)||MB1 tephra|
The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Monte Burney.
|Ice-covered Mount Burney occupies the NW part of the Muñoz Gomera Peninsula in the spectacular glaciated Patagonian fjord region of southern Chile. The volcano lies near the center of this NASA International Space Station image (with north to the left). The rugged extensively glaciated topography surrounding the 1758-m-high Monte Burney is smoothed by volcaniclastic deposits from the volcano.
NASA Space Station image ISS006-E-41451, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Casertano L, 1963a. Chilean Continent. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 15: 1-55.
Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.
Kilian R, Hohner M, Biester H, Wallrabe-Adams H J, Stern C R, 2003. Holocene peat and lake sediment tephra record from the southernmost Chilean Andes (53-55° S). Rev Geol Chile, 30: 23-37.
Stern C R, 2008. Holocene tephrochronology record of large explosive eruptions in the southernmost Patagonian Andes. Bull Volc, 70: 435-454.
Stern C R, 1990. Tephrochronology of southernmost Patagonia. Natl Geog Res, 6: 110-126.