Lautaro

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.02°S
  • 73.55°W

  • 3607 m
    11831 ft

  • 358060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Lautaro.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Lautaro.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Lautaro.

Lautaro is the northernmost of five volcanoes comprising the Australandean volcanic zone of the southernmost Chilean Andes and is the closest volcano to the Chile Triple Junction plate boundary. Volcanoes of the Australandean volcanic zone originated from subduction of the Antarctic plate beneath the South American plate. The Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World synonyms for Lautaro (Cerro Pirámide, Chalten, and Chaltel) are actually synonyms of the dramatic Patagonian granitic peak of Cerro Fitz Roy (Moreno 1985, pers. comm.). Glacier-covered, 3607-m-high Lautaro volcano, the highest Chilean volcano below 40 degrees south, rises above the Southern Patagonian Ice Field. It has a crater just below its summit on the NW side, and a 1-km-wide crater is located on the NE flank. Ash deposits from eruptions of this dominantly dacitic volcano were visible on aerial photos taken during several occasions during the 20th century, and older ash layers form prominent markers on outflow glaciers of the Patagonian icecap.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1979 Mar 8 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1978 Jun Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1972 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1961 Oct Unknown Confirmed 2 Unknown Volcano Uncertain: aerial observation; possibly Lautaro
1959 Dec 28 1960 Jan 20 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1945 Jan 15 ± 45 days Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1933 Feb Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1879 Unknown Confirmed   Unknown Volcano Uncertain: Between lakes San Martín and Viedma
[ 1878 Jan 18 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1  
1876 Oct Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Lautaro.

The northern side of Lautaro volcano rises above a sea of clouds. A 300-km gap occurs between Cerro Hudson and Lautaro, the northernmost of five volcanoes comprising the australandean volcanic zone of the southernmost Chilean Andes. Glacier-covered, 3607-m-high Lautaro volcano, the highest Chilean volcano below 40 degrees south, has a crater just below its summit on the NW side, and a 1-km-wide crater is located on the NE flank.

Photo by José Naranjo, 2002 (Servico Nacional de Geologica y Mineria).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Casertano L, 1963a. Chilean Continent. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 15: 1-55.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Lliboutry L, 1999. Glaciers of the Wet Andes. In: Williams R J Jr, Ferringo J G (eds) Glaciers of South America, {U S Geol Surv Prof Pap}, 1386-I: 148-206.

Martinic-B M, 1988. Actividad volcanica historica en la region de Magellenes. Rev Geol Chile, 15: 181-186.

Moreno H, 1985. . (pers. comm.).

Motoki A, Orihashi Y, Naranjo J A, Hirata D, Scvarca P, Anma R, 2006. Geologic reconnaissance of Lautaro volcano, Chilean Patagonia. Rev Geol Chile, 33: 177-187.

Orihashi Y, Naranjo J A, Motoki A, Sumino H, Hirata D, Anma R, Nagao K, 2004. Quaternary volcanic activity of Hudson and Lautaro volcanoes, Chilean Patagonia: new constraints from K-Ar ages. Rev Geol Chile, 31: 207-224.

Shipton E, 1960. Volcanic activity on the Patagonian ice cap. Geog Jour, 126: 389-396.

Stern C R, 1990. Tephrochronology of southernmost Patagonia. Natl Geog Res, 6: 110-126.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Explosion crater(s)
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Dacite
Minor
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
46
2,365

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Lautaro Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.