Nevado de Longavi

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 36.193°S
  • 71.161°W

  • 3242 m
    10634 ft

  • 357063
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Nevado de Longavi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nevado de Longavi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Nevado de Longavi.

The conical, glacier-clad Nevado de Longaví volcano is a late-Pleistocene to Holocene, dominantly andesitic stratovolcano constructed over a basement of Tertiary volcaniclastic and granitic rocks. Two edifice-collapse events modified the eastern and SW flank of a pre-Holocene volcano, and Holocene activity has been concentrated at the summit region and on the eastern flanks of the volcano. Andesitic-to-dacitic lava domes occupy the summit region, and a Holocene dome forms the 3242-m-high summit of Longaví. The last eruptions produced a lava dome in the upper part of the collapse scarp and summit region that partially collapsed to the east, forming block-and-ash flow deposits. No historical eruptions are known, although fumarolic activity continues.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
4890 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Lonquen, Nevado de | Longuen, Nevado de
The conical, glacier-clad Nevado de Longaví volcano is seen from the SE. In the foreground is a Holocene block-and-ash flow deposit. This late-Pleistocene to Holocene andesitic stratovolcano was constructed over a basement of sedimentary and granitic rocks. A small lava dome forms the 3242-m-high summit of Longaví. No historical eruptions are known, although fumarolic activity continues.

Photo by José Naranjo, 2001 (Servico Nacional de Geologica y Mineria).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Hildreth W, Moorbath S, 1988. Crustal contribution to arc magmatism in the Andes of central Chile. Contr Mineral Petr, 98: 455-489.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Moreno H, 1974. Airplane flight over active volcanoes of central-south Chile. Internatl Symp Volc Andean & Antarctic Volc Problems Guidebook, Excur D-3, 56 p.

Moreno H, Naranjo J A, 1991. The southern Andes volcanoes (33°-41° 30' S), Chile. 6th Geol Cong Chile, Excur PC-3, 26 p.

Selles D, Rodriguez A C, Dungan M A, Naranjo J A, Gardeweg M, 2004. Geochemistry of Nevado de Longavi volcano (36.2° S): a compositionally atypical arc volcano in the Southern Volcanic Zone of the Andes. Rev Geol Chile, 31: 293-315.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Minor
Dacite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
17
141
3,901
753,797

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Nevado de Longavi Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.