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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 18.1°S
  • 69.5°W

  • 5860 m
    19221 ft

  • 355011
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Taapaca.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Taapaca.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0320 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1580 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1860 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
2400 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
2950 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
4620 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
5490 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
7900 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Clavero J E, Sparks R S J, Pringle M S, Polanco E, Gardeweg M C, 2004. Evolution and volcanic hazards of Taapaca Volcanic Complex, Central Andes of Northern Chile. J Geol Soc London, 161: 603-618.

de Silva S L, 1990. . (pers. comm.).

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1972. Distribucion del volcanismo activo de Chile y la reciente erupcion del Volcan Villarrica. Instituto Geog Militar Chile, O/T 3491.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1974. Arica - Nevados de Payachata. IAVCEI Andean Antarctic Volc Problems Guide Book - Excursion A-1, 3-35.

Moreno H, 1985. . (pers. comm.).

Worner G, Hammerschmidt K, Henjes-Kunst F, Lezaun J, Wilke H, 2000. Geochronology (40Ar/39Ar, K-Ar and He-exposure ages) of Cenozoic magmatic rocks from Northern Chile (18-22° S): implications for magmatism and tectonic evolution of the central Andes. Rev Geol Chile, 27: 205-240.

The Taapaca volcanic complex, lying west of the main Andean chain, rises NE of the small town of Putre in northern Chile. The elongated volcanic massif, known locally as Nevados de Putre, consists of an initial andesitic stratovolcano and a long-term dacitic lava-dome complex. Taapaca overlies Pleistocene ignimbrite deposits and trends roughly E-W, with activity in general migrating to the SW during four principal periods of activity dating back at least 1.5 million years. At least three major edifice collapse events have produced debris-avalanche deposits, the youngest of which underlies Putre, the principal settlement of the northern Chilean Altiplano. Recent geological studies have shown that explosive activity at Taapaca with dome growth and associated block-and-ash flows and lahars has continued into the late Holocene. The youngest volcanic stage beginning about 9000 years ago produced the 5860-m-high summit lava dome of the Putre Unit at the eastern and southern ends of the complex. The latest documented activity produced an ash layer dated at about 2000 years ago.