Coropuna

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 15.52°S
  • 72.65°W

  • 6377 m
    20917 ft

  • 354003
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Coropuna.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Coropuna.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Coropuna.

Nevado Coropuna, Peru's highest and largest volcano, is a massive ice-covered volcanic complex with at least a half dozen summit cones scattered over a 12 x 20 km area. The 6377-m-high summit of the andesitic-to-dacitic complex is a cone at the NW end, north of a line of E-W-trending cones. Deep, steep-walled canyons surrounding the volcano give it an impressive topographic relief of more than 4000 m over a horizontal distance of 15 km. Several young Holocene lava flows descend the NE, SE, and western flanks. The age of its latest eruption is not known, but solfataric activity has been reported.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Coropuna. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Coropuna page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Nudo de Coropuna
The elongated Coropuna volcanic massif is seen here from the NE. The dark lava flow descending the NE flank at the left center is one of several youthful lava flows that overlie roughly 11,000-year-old glacial moraines. The morphology of this flow and others on the SE and western flanks suggest that they are very young and postdate activity from the summit craters.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1988 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Nevado Coropuna, Perú's highest and largest volcano, is a massive ice-covered volcanic complex with at least a half dozen summit cones scattered over a 12 x 20 km area. The 6377-m-high summit (left), seen here from the south, is located at the NW end of the complex. Deep, steep-walled canyons surrounding the volcano give it an impressive topographic relief of more than 4000 m over a horizontal distance of 15 km. Several young Holocene lava flows descend the NE, SE, and western flanks.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1988 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcanoes of three ages can be seen in this aerial view across northern Perú. The eroded, 6093-m-high Solimana volcano (foreground) has not erupted since the Pleistocene, but has an active fumarole. It is located NW of the younger Coropuna volcano (upper right), which has produced major flank lava flows during the Holocene. The three-peaked Sabancaya volcanic complex (upper left) includes the historically active cone of Sabancaya proper, which is flanked on the left by Hualca Hualca volcano and on the right by Ampato volcano.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1988 (U.S. Geological Survey).
The 6377-m-high summit of Coropuna volcano, Perú's highest, forms the peak at the center of the photo. It lies north of a 20-km-long E-W chain of peaks forming the ice-covered massif. The present glacial icecap covers an area of 130 sq km and descends to 5800 m on the south and 5300 m on the north. Dramatic lateral moraines from older glaciers extend up to 10 km and reach below 4500 m. Steep canyons on the volcano's flanks create among the world's highest topographic relief, up to 4000 m over a horizontal distance of 15 km.

Photo by Norm Banks, 1988 (U.S. Geological Survey).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1990. Potentially active volcanoes of Peru - observations using Landsat Thematic Mapper and Space Shuttle imagery. Bull Volc, 52: 286-301.

de Silva S L, Francis P W, 1991. Volcanoes of the Central Andes. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 216 p.

Gonzalez-Ferran O, 1995. Volcanes de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geografico Militar, 635 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Parodi-I A, 1975. Volcanes del Peru. Soc Geog Lima Bull, 94: 20-23.

Venturelli G, Fragipane M, Weibel M, Antiga D, 1978. Trace element distribution in the Cainozoic lavas of Nevado Coropuna and Andagua Valley, Central Andes of southern Peru. Bull Volc, 41: 213-228.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
37
502
15,589
136,689

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Coropuna Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.