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There are no activity reports for Momotombo.
Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1918 Apr ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||1|
|1905 Jan 16||1905 Jan 21||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1902 Mar 31 ± 30 days||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1886 May 19 (?)||1887 (?)||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|[ 1885 Oct ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||1|
|1882 Sep 9||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1878 Oct 14 (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1854 Feb||1854 Mar||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|[ 1609 ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain|
|1578 Feb||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1100 ± 50 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)|
|0800 BCE ± 50 years||Unknown||Confirmed||4||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)|
|2550 BCE ± 300 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)|
The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.
Carr M J, 1984. Symmetrical and segmented variation of physical and geochemical characterisitics of the Central American volcanic front. J Volc Geotherm Res, 20: 231-252.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Incer J, 1987. . (pers. comm.).
Kirianov V Y, Melekestsev I V, Ovsyannikov A A, Andreev V N, 1988. Reconstruction of the eruptive activity of Momotombo volcano (Nicaragua) to assess volcanic hazards. Proc Kagoshima Internatl Conf Volc, p 495-498.
Mooser F, Meyer-Abich H, McBirney A R, 1958. Central America. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 6: 1-146.
Sapper K, 1925. The Volcanoes of Central America. Halle: Verlag Max Niemeyer, 144 p.
Viramonte J G, Navarro Collado M, Malavasi Rojas E, 1997. Nicaragua-Costa Rica Quaternary volcanic chain. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Fieldtrip Guidebook, 17 p.
Zuniga A, 2003. Geothermal Nicaragua. Geotherm Res Council Bull, 32: 163-165.
Momotombo is a young, 1297-m-high stratovolcano that rises prominently above the NW shore of Lake Managua, forming one of Nicaragua's most familiar landmarks. Momotombo began growing about 4500 years ago at the SE end of the Marrabios Range and consists of a somma from an older edifice that is surmounted by a symmetrical younger cone with a 150 x 250 m wide summit crater. Young lava flows from Momotombo have flowed down the NW flank into the 4-km-wide Monte Galán caldera. The youthful cone of Momotombito forms a 391-m-high island offshore in Lake Managua. Momotombo has a long record of strombolian eruptions, punctuated by occasional larger explosive activity. The latest eruption, in 1905, produced a lava flow that traveled from the summit to the lower NE base. A small black plume was seen above the crater after an April 10, 1996 earthquake, but later observations noted no significant changes in the crater. A major geothermal field is located on the southern flank of the volcano.