Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 12.422°N
  • 86.54°W

  • 1297 m
    4254 ft

  • 344090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Momotombo.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Momotombo.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1918 Apr ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1  
1905 Jan 16 1905 Jan 21 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1902 Mar 31 ± 30 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1886 May 19 (?) 1887 (?) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1885 Oct ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1  
1882 Sep 9 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1878 Oct 14 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1870 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1858 1866 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1854 Feb 1854 Mar Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1852 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1849 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1764 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1736 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1609 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1605 1606 Confirmed 4 Historical Observations
1578 Feb Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1524 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1100 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0800 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
2550 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Carr M J, 1984. Symmetrical and segmented variation of physical and geochemical characterisitics of the Central American volcanic front. J Volc Geotherm Res, 20: 231-252.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Incer J, 1987. . (pers. comm.).

Kirianov V Y, Melekestsev I V, Ovsyannikov A A, Andreev V N, 1988. Reconstruction of the eruptive activity of Momotombo volcano (Nicaragua) to assess volcanic hazards. Proc Kagoshima Internatl Conf Volc, p 495-498.

Mooser F, Meyer-Abich H, McBirney A R, 1958. Central America. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 6: 1-146.

Sapper K, 1925. The Volcanoes of Central America. Halle: Verlag Max Niemeyer, 144 p.

Viramonte J G, Navarro Collado M, Malavasi Rojas E, 1997. Nicaragua-Costa Rica Quaternary volcanic chain. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Fieldtrip Guidebook, 17 p.

Zuniga A, 2003. Geothermal Nicaragua. Geotherm Res Council Bull, 32: 163-165.

Momotombo is a young, 1297-m-high stratovolcano that rises prominently above the NW shore of Lake Managua, forming one of Nicaragua's most familiar landmarks. Momotombo began growing about 4500 years ago at the SE end of the Marrabios Range and consists of a somma from an older edifice that is surmounted by a symmetrical younger cone with a 150 x 250 m wide summit crater. Young lava flows from Momotombo have flowed down the NW flank into the 4-km-wide Monte Galán caldera. The youthful cone of Momotombito forms a 391-m-high island offshore in Lake Managua. Momotombo has a long record of strombolian eruptions, punctuated by occasional larger explosive activity. The latest eruption, in 1905, produced a lava flow that traveled from the summit to the lower NE base. A small black plume was seen above the crater after an April 10, 1996 earthquake, but later observations noted no significant changes in the crater. A major geothermal field is located on the southern flank of the volcano.