Lake Yojoa

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.98°N
  • 87.98°W

  • 1090 m
    3575 ft

  • 343150
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Lake Yojoa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Lake Yojoa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Lake Yojoa.

The Lake Yojoa volcanic field consists a group of Pleistocene-to-Holocene scoria cones and collapse pits at the northern end of the scenic north-central Honduras lake (Williams and McBirney, 1969). The volcanic field has produced rocks ranging from tholeiitic basalts to trachybasalts, trachyandesites, and trachytes. The principal NE-trending chain of cones cuts through Cerro Babilonia, the 1090 m high point of the volcanic field, along the same fault pattern that bounds the limestone mountains bordering arcuate Lake Yojoa. Most of the pyroclastic cones, consisting of basaltic scoria and agglutinate, are 100-200 m in height and several contain well-preserved craters. Lava flows radiate in all directions from the cones. The longest flow traveled northward to the village of Río Lindo, where a waterfall cascades down the terminus of the flow. A few Quaternary lava flows occur in the Sulu graben along the Carretara del Norte north of Lake Yojoa.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Lake Yojoa. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Lake Yojoa page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Babilonia, Cerro Stratovolcano 1090 m 14° 59' 0" N 87° 59' 0" W
Hoyo, Cerro el Pyroclastic cone 780 m 14° 57' 0" N 87° 59' 0" W
Volcán, Cerro el Lava cone 910 m 14° 56' 0" N 87° 58' 0" W
El Volcán is the oldest and most dissected of a group of pyroclastic cones north of Lake Yojoa. El Volcán lies at the SE end of the cluster of cones near the lake. The cone, now mantled by scoria from younger cones, fed a series of basaltic lava flows that underlie a flat valley to the SE (to the right of this photo).

Photo by Rick Wunderman, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Cerro el Hoyo lies at the SE end of a subsidiary NW-SE-trending chain of pyroclastic cones of the Lake Yojoa volcanic field about 2 km NE of the lakeshore. The cones are surrounded by lava fields that are partially tholeiitic in composition, but mostly consist of trachytes, trachybasalts, and trachyandesites with large phenocrysts of sanadine and anorthoclase.

Photo by Rick Wunderman, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
The SW-most of a chain of NE-trending cinder cones is the largest of a cluster of cones north of Lake Yojoa. This large cone was constructed at the intersection of two roughly orthogonal chains of young pyroclastic cones. The cones of the Lake Yojoa volcanic field were built along fissures; these parallel faults that also define the rectilinear shores of the lake and cut Cretaceous limestones on the west side of the lake.

Photo by Rick Wunderman, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
A large low-rimmed crater lies immediately WNW of Cerro el Hoyo. The floor of the crater has been planted with sugar cane, and other crops line the walls of the crater. The scale of the 1-km-wide crater is deceiving--note the barely visible truck and sugar cane workers on the crater floor at the left center.

Photo by Rick Wunderman, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
This eastern side of forested Cerro Babilonia cinder cone rises above fields north of Lake Yojoa in north-central Honduras. The 1090-m-high cone is the highest of a chain of Pleistocene-to-Holocene scoria cones at the northern end of the lake. The cones were constructed along orthogonal NW-SE- and NE-SW-trending lines and consist of basaltic scoria and agglutinate. The are typically 100-200 m in height and several contain well-preserved craters. Lava flows radiate in all directions from the cones.

Photo by Rick Wunderman, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
The Lake Yojoa volcanic field forms the entire northern shore of the 10 x 12 km long lake, the largest in Honduras, in this Space Shuttle image with north to the upper left. Cretaceous limestones lie west of the lake, and Tertiary volcanic rocks to the east. Vents of the volcanic field, which extends to the top of the image, are concentrated along two NW- and NE-trending lines. The Lake Yojoa volcanic field has produced both tholeiitic and alkaline basaltic rocks.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS001-350-18, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Walker J A, Patino L C, Cameron B I, Carr M J, 2000. Petrogenetic insights provided by compositional transects across the Central American Arc; southeastern Guatemala and Honduras. J Geophys Res, 105: 18,949-18,963.

Williams H, McBirney A R, 1969. Volcanic history of Honduras. Univ Calif Pub Geol Sci, 85: 1-101.

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
123,374
123,374
279,991
3,336,190

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Lake Yojoa Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.