Chingo

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.12°N
  • 89.73°W

  • 1775 m
    5822 ft

  • 342170
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Chingo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Chingo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Chingo.

Volcán Chingo is a symmetrical stratovolcano that straddles the Guatemala/El Salvador border. The 1775-m-high conical volcano rises 900 m above its surroundings and is the most prominent regional landmark. A shallow, oval-shaped summit crater is breached on the western side. No historical eruptions are known from the Volcán Chingo volcanic field. Other small stratovolcanoes and cinder cones are located on both sides of the volcano along a major N-S-trending fault. Other youthful cones, such as Cerro de Olla, lie across the Salvadorian border to the south. To the north in Guatemala, Volcán las Viboras, a cinder cone that caps a basaltic shield volcano, is the most prominent of several fault-controlled cones near Laguna Atescatempo. Flank fissures have fed many youthful lava flows, particularly on the western flank of Chingo and the northern flank of Volcán las Viboras.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Chingo. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Chingo page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Castillo, Cerro de los Pyroclastic cone 862 m 14° 9' 0" N 89° 44' 0" W
Chingo, Volcán Stratovolcano 1775 m 14° 7' 0" N 89° 44' 0" W
Compañía, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 902 m 14° 9' 0" N 89° 44' 0" W
Cunistepeque, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1242 m 14° 8' 0" N 89° 48' 0" W
Guacamayas, Cerro de las Pyroclastic cone 920 m 14° 8' 0" N 89° 44' 0" W
Malacara Pyroclastic cone 900 m 14° 5' 0" N 89° 42' 0" W
Mongoy, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 14° 14' 0" N 89° 42' 0" W
Olla, Cerro la Pyroclastic cone 932 m 14° 4' 0" N 89° 44' 0" W
Redondo, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1050 m 14° 9' 0" N 89° 49' 0" W
San Bartolo, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 14° 14' 0" N 89° 45' 0" W
Siete Cerros, Loma Los
    Chucamitepeque
Cone 900 m 14° 3' 30" N 89° 43' 0" W
Utal, Cerro del Pyroclastic cone 880 m 14° 4' 0" N 89° 42' 0" W
Viboras, Volcán las Shield volcano 1100 m 14° 12' 0" N 89° 44' 0" W
Yupiltepeque, Cerro de Pyroclastic cone 1300 m 14° 13' 0" N 89° 48' 0" W

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Depresión de San Lorenzo Maar 560 m 14° 2' 0" N 89° 47' 0" W
Volcán Chingo, a small, but prominent stratovolcano along the Guatemala/El Salvador border, is the second highest of a cluster of volcanoes in SE Guatemala. It is seen here from the Guatemalan side above Laguna Atescatempo, which was created when lava flows from the Volcán Chingo area dammed local drainages. Many youthful basaltic cinder cones are located on the flanks of the volcano on both sides of the border.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1993 (Smithsonian Institution).
The most prominent peak on the El Salvador/Guatemala border is Volcán Chingo, an isolated 1775-m-high stratovolcano. It is seen here from the SW on the shores of Laguna de Llano on the Salvadoran side of the border. Just below the right-hand horizon above and slightly to the right of the bushy tree at the right is Cerro La Olla, the southernmost of a N-S-trending chain of volcanic vents that passes through the summit of Chingo volcano into Guatemala.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
A cloudcap brushes the summit of Volcán Chingo, a prominent landmark on the Guatemala/El Salvador border. The symmetrical 1775-m-high stratovolcano is seen here from the SE on the Salvadoran side of the border. The light-brown hill below the volcano at right-center is Cerro Laguneta. Other flank vents are located on the NE side of the volcano, and a chain of N-S-trending vents extends long distances on both sides of the summit. Several youthful lava flows are found west and north of Volcán Chingo.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
This view of Volcán Chingo from the SE side shows several satellitic vents on the Salvadoran side of the volcano. Loma Los Siete Cerros appears at the left, and the rounded cone of Cerro Laguneta at the right. The knob on the horizon above Cerro Laguneta is Volcán Las Viboras, which, like Chingo itself, straddles the Guatemala/El Salvador border and is part of a long chain of N-S-trending vents.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Loma Los Siete Cerros (Peak of the Seven Hills) is a satellitic vent complex of the Volcán Chingo volcanic field. This complex of overlapping cinder cones on the Salvadoran side is seen here from the east and is one of many vents that flank the volcano. Among the youngest vents are those that produced lava flows on the NW side of the volcano in Guatemala. Other young flows issued from an intermittent chain of cones extending N-S on both side of the summit.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Volcán Chingo is a prominent conical stratovolcano that straddles the Guatemala/El Salvador border. This aerial view is from the SW, the Guatemalan side of the volcano. The border with El Salvador extends from the bottom-right part of the photo through Volcán Chingo to Lake Guija at the upper left corner of the photo.

Photo by Paul Kimberly, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Cerro La Olla is one of a chain of young cinder cones erupted along a N-S-trending line on either side of Volcán Chingo. The vents are aligned with the N-S-trending Ipala graben. The southern vents, including Cerro La Olla, lie in El Salvador, while the northern vents, the largest of which is Volcán Las Viboras, are in Guatemala.

Photo by Paul Kimberly, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
Volcán Las Viboras, north of Volcán Chingo, is a part of the Chingo volcanic field that lies entirely within Guatemala. Las Viboras lava shield (seen here from the north) is capped by a cinder cone. Las Viboras is the largest volcanic feature formed along a fault extending north from Volcán Chingo. Youthful lava flows of estimated Holocene age were erupted along this same fault on the northern flank of Las Viboras and on the NW side of the volcano.

Photo by Giuseppina Kysar, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
The northern wall of Coatepeque caldera rises about 250 m above the surface of Lago de Coatepeque, whose shores are lined with residences and small hotels. The conical peak on the left horizon is Volcán Chingo, which straddles the El Salvador/Guatemala border. The flat-topped peak on the far right horizon is Volcán Suchitán, one of the largest volcanoes in SE Guatemala.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2002 (Smithsonian Institution).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Williams H, McBirney A R, Dengo G, 1964. Geologic reconnaissance of southeastern Guatemala. Univ Calif Pub Geol Sci, 50: 1-62.

Williams H, Meyer-Abich H, 1955. Volcanism in the southern part of El Salvador with particular reference to the collapse basins of Lakes Coatepeque and Ilopango. Univ Calif Pub Geol Sci, 32: 1-64.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Shield
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
330,595
330,595
867,678
7,235,923

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Chingo Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.