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The Cuilapa-Barbarena volcanic field contains approximately 70 Quaternary cinder cones, generally less than 100 m high. Many of the mostly basaltic cones are located along the strike of the major regional Jalpatagua fault, which extends SE from Guatemala City, north of the chain of stratovolcanoes stretching across Guatemala. The cones were erupted from fracture systems related to the intersection of the Jalpatagua fault with the southern and western margins of the Miocene Santa Rosa de Lima caldera and overlie pyroclastic-flow deposits from Amatitlán caldera to the NW. The age of the most recent eruptions is not known, although the youngest cones post-date the last phase of eruptive activity at Tecuamburro volcano and could be of Holocene age (Reynolds, 1987). Williams (1960) considered the most recent eruptions from the Cuilapa-Barbarena volcanic field to have occurred within the last few thousand years.
The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Cuilapa-Barbarena. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Cuilapa-Barbarena page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Alto, Cerro||Cinder cone||1368 m||14° 22' 0" N||90° 29' 0" W|
|Barberena, Cerrito de||Cinder cone||1300 m||14° 18' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Brasil, Cerro||Cinder cone||1180 m||14° 21' 0" N||90° 27' 0" W|
|Brito, Cerro de||Cinder cone||1270 m||14° 22' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Bueyes, Cerro de los||Cinder cone||1098 m||14° 22' 0" N||90° 25' 0" W|
|Cementerio Brito, Cerro del||Cinder cone||1240 m||14° 21' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Cuilapa Sur, Cerro||Cinder cone||900 m||14° 16' 0" N||90° 17' 0" W|
|Cuilapa, Volcán||Cinder cone||1080 m||14° 17' 0" N||90° 18' 0" W|
Don Chana, Cerro
|Cinder cone||1259 m||14° 22' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Esclavos, Cerrito los||Cinder cone||950 m||14° 16' 0" N||90° 17' 0" W|
|Gordo, Cerrito||Cinder cone||1300 m||14° 23' 0" N||90° 31' 0" W|
|Jocotillo, Cerro el||Cinder cone||1240 m||14° 22' 0" N||90° 30' 0" W|
|Joya de Limón, Cerrito||Cinder cone||1040 m||14° 16' 0" N||90° 17' 0" W|
|Junquillo Norte, Cerro el||Cinder cone||1359 m||14° 22' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Junquillo Sur, Cerro el||Cinder cone||1478 m||14° 20' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Pino, Cerrito el||Cinder cone||1060 m||14° 20' 0" N||90° 24' 0" W|
|Porvenir, Cerro el||Cinder cone||1280 m||14° 17' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Providencia, Cerro la||Cinder cone||1241 m||14° 17' 0" N||90° 20' 0" W|
|Cinder cone||1220 m||14° 23' 0" N||90° 26' 0" W|
|Santa Elena, Cerrito de||Cinder cone||1060 m||14° 17' 0" N||90° 17' 0" W|
|Trapichito, Cerro||Cinder cone||1260 m||14° 22' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Vega, Cerrito la||Cinder cone||1180 m||14° 21' 0" N||90° 29' 0" W|
|Vega, Cerro los||Cinder cone||1412 m||14° 19' 0" N||90° 21' 0" W|
|Viñas, Cerrito las||Cinder cone||1060 m||14° 21' 0" N||90° 25' 0" W|
|The Cuilapa-Barbarena volcanic field contains approximately 70 Quaternary cinder cones, generally less than 100 m high. Many of the cones are located along the strike of the Jalpatagua fault, which extends SE from Guatemala City, north of the chain of stratovolcanoes stretching across Guatemala. The youngest cones were estimated to be of Holocene age, perhaps less than 1000 years old.
Photo by Lee Siebert (Smithsonian Institution).
|A volcanic plume from Pacaya volcano extends eastward from the left to Cerro Redondo, a small symmetrical cinder cone in the center of the image. This cone is one of the youngest features of the Cuilapa-Barbarena volcanic field, a cluster of about 70 Quaternary cinder cones located near the cities of Cuilapa and Barbarena (lower right) and in areas to the north and west. The cones were constructed where the NW-SE-trending Jalpatagua Fault intersects the southern margin of the Miocene Santa Rosa de Lima caldera.
NASA Landsat image, 2000 (courtesy of Loren Siebert, University of Akron).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Heiken G, Duffield W, 1990. An evaluation of the geothermal potential of the Tecuamburro volcano area of Guatemala. Central Amer Energy Resour Project, LA-11906-MS, Los Alamos Natl Lab, Los Alamos, NM 87545, 37 p.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Reynolds J H, 1987. Timing and sources of Neogene and Quaternary volcanism in south-central Guatemala. J Volc Geotherm Res, 33: 9-22.
Williams H, 1960. Volcanic history of the Guatemalan Highlands. Univ Calif Pub Geol Sci, 38: 1-86.