Atitlán

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.583°N
  • 91.186°W

  • 3535 m
    11595 ft

  • 342060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Atitlán.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Atitlán.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1856 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  
1853 May 3 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
[ 1852 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  
1843 Jul Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1837 Jun Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1833 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1827 Sep 1 1828 Jan (?) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1827 Mar 27 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1826 Nov Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1717 Aug 29 1721 Confirmed   Unknown
1663 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1579 (?) 1581 Dec 31 ± 30 days Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1505 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1469 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1020 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Carr M J, 1984. Symmetrical and segmented variation of physical and geochemical characterisitics of the Central American volcanic front. J Volc Geotherm Res, 20: 231-252.

Haapala J M, Escobar Wolf R, Vallance J W, Rose W I, Griswold J P, Schilling S P, Ewert J W, Mota M, 2006. Volcanic hazards at Atitlan volcano, Guatemala. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 2005-1403.

Halsor S, Rose W I, 1991. Mineralogical relations and magma mixing in calc-alkaline andesites from Lake Atitlan, Guatemala. Mineral Petr, 45: 47-67.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kutterolf S, Freundt A, Perez W, 2008. Pacific offshore record of plinian arc volcanism in Central America: 2. Tephra volumes and eruptive masses. Geochem Geophys Geosyst, 8: Q02S02, doi:10.1029/2007GC001791.

Mooser F, Meyer-Abich H, McBirney A R, 1958. Central America. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 6: 1-146.

Newhall C G, 1987. Geology of the Lake Atitlan region, western Guatemala. J Volc Geotherm Res, 33: 23-55.

Penfield G T, Rose W I, Halsor S, 1986. Geology of the Lake Atitlan volcanoes. Geol Soc Amer Map and Chart Ser, 55 1:49,212 scale map.

Rose W I, Conway F M, Pullinger C R, Deino A, MacIntosh W C, Svitil K A, 1999. An improved age framework for late Quaternary silicic eruptions in northern Central America. Bull Volc, 61: 106-120.

Rose W I, Penfield G T, Drexler J W, Larson P B, 1980. Geochemistry of the andesite flank lavas of three composite cones within the Atitlan Cauldron, Guatemala. Bull Volc, 43: 131-154.

Sapper K, 1925. The Volcanoes of Central America. Halle: Verlag Max Niemeyer, 144 p.

Siebert L, Alvarado G E, Vallance J W, van Wyk de Vries B, 2006. Large-volume volcanic edifice failures in Central America and associated hazards. In: Rose W I, Bluth G J S, Carr M J, Ewert J W, Patino L C, Vallance J W (eds), Volcanic hazards in Central America, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 412: 1-26.

Woodruff L G, Rose W I Jr, Rigot W, 1979. Contrasting fractionation patterns for sequential magmas from two calc-alkaline volcanoes in Central America. J Volc Geotherm Res, 6: 217-240.

Volcán Atitlán is one of several prominent conical stratovolcanoes in the Guatemalan highlands. Along with its twin volcano Tolimán to the north, it forms a dramatic backdrop to Lake Atitlán, one of the scenic highlights of the country. The 3535-m-high summit of Atitlán directly overlies the inferred margin of the Pleistocene Atitlán III caldera and is the highest of three large post-caldera stratovolcanoes constructed near the southern caldera rim. The volcano consequently post-dates the eruption of the voluminous, roughly 85,000-year-old rhyolitic Los Chocoyos tephra associated with formation of the Atitlán III caldera. The historically active andesitic Volcán Atitlán is younger than Tolimán, although their earlier activity overlapped. In contrast to Tolimán, Atitlán displays a thick pyroclastic cover. The northern side of the volcano is wooded to near the summit, whereas the upper 1000 m of the southern slopes are unvegetated. Predominantly explosive eruptions have been recorded from Volcán Atitlán since the 15th century.