Almolonga

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.82°N
  • 91.48°W

  • 3197 m
    10486 ft

  • 342040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Almolonga.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Almolonga.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1891 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1823 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1818 Jan 16 1818 Jun 19 (in or after) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations East flank of Cerro Quemado
[ 1785 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1765 Oct 24 1765 Oct 25 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Cerro Quemado
0800 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Cerro Quemado

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Adams M C, Mink L L, Moore J N, White L D, Caicedo A A, 1990. Geochemistry and hydrology of the Zunil geothermal system. Trans Geotherm Resour Council, 14: 837-844.

Conway F M, Vallance J W, Rose W I, Johns G W, Paniagua S, 1992. Cerro Quemado, Guatemala: the volcanic history and hazards of an exogenous volcanic dome complex. J Volc Geotherm Res, 52: 303-323.

Flynn T, Goff F, Van Eeckhout E, Goff S, Ballinger J, Suyama J, 1991. Catastrophic landslide at Zunil I geothermal field, Guatemala. Geotherm Res Council Trans, 15: 425-433.

Gall F, 1966. Cerro Quemado Volcan de Quezaltenango. Guatemala: Ministerio De Educacion, 115 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Lima Lobato E M, Palma J, Roldan Manzo A R, 2003. Geothermal Guatemala. Past, present, and future development of geothermal energy in Guatemala. Geotherm Res Council Bull, 32: 117-121.

Mooser F, Meyer-Abich H, McBirney A R, 1958. Central America. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 6: 1-146.

Newhall C G, 1987. Geology of the Lake Atitlan region, western Guatemala. J Volc Geotherm Res, 33: 23-55.

Rose W I, 1987a. Santa Maria, Guatemala: biomodal soda-rich calc-alkalic stratovolcano. J Volc Geotherm Res, 33: 109-129.

Sapper K, 1925. The Volcanoes of Central America. Halle: Verlag Max Niemeyer, 144 p.

Siebert L, Alvarado G E, Vallance J W, van Wyk de Vries B, 2006. Large-volume volcanic edifice failures in Central America and associated hazards. In: Rose W I, Bluth G J S, Carr M J, Ewert J W, Patino L C, Vallance J W (eds), Volcanic hazards in Central America, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 412: 1-26.

Vallance J W, Siebert L, Rose W I, Giron J R, Banks N G, 1995. Edifice collapse and related hazards in Guatemala. J Volc Geotherm Res, 66: 337-355.

Volcán de Almolonga is an andesitic stratovolcano with a 3.3-km-wide late-Pleistocene central caldera that is located along the Zunil fault zone. The caldera is surrounded by a ring-dike configuration of dacitic and rhyolitic lava domes. The youngest and only historically active dome complex is Cerro Quemado (whose name means Burned Peak), located immediately south of Guatemala's second largest city, Quezaltenango. About 1200 radiocarbon years ago, part of the andesitic-to-dacitic Cerro Quemado dome collapsed, producing a debris avalanche and an associated lateral explosion that swept across the valley to the west as far as the flanks of Siete Orejas volcano. The latest eruption in 1818 produced a blocky 2.5-km-long lava flow. Hot springs are located on the northern and eastern flanks of Cerro Quemado, and the Zuníl geothermal field, the site of a geothermal exploration project, lies on the SE flank of Cerro Quemado.