Tacaná

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  • Mexico-Guatemala
  • Mexico
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1986 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 15.13°N
  • 92.112°W

  • 4060 m
    13317 ft

  • 341130
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Tacaná.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Tacaná.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1986 Feb 1986 Jun Confirmed 1 Historical Observations NE flank (ca. 3600 m)
1949 Dec 22 1950 Jan Confirmed 1 Historical Observations SW flank
1878 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations SW side
[ 1855 Jan 12 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1   SW side
1030 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
0070 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) San Antonio (upper SW flank)
1080 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
4740 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
5720 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
5940 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
9450 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Armienta M A, De la Cruz-Reyna S, 1995. Some hydro-geochemical fluctuations observed in Mexico related to volcanic activity. Applied Geochem, 10: 215-227.

Carr M J, 1984. Symmetrical and segmented variation of physical and geochemical characterisitics of the Central American volcanic front. J Volc Geotherm Res, 20: 231-252.

de Cserna Z, Aranda-Gomez J J, Mitre-Salazar L M, 1988. Mapa fotogeologico preliminar: secciones estructurales y resumen de la historia eruptiva del Volcan Tacana, Mexico y Guatemala. Inst Geofis, Univ Nac Autonoma Mexico, Cartas Geolgicas Mineras no 7.

Garcia-Palomo A, Macias J L, Arce J L, Mora J C, Hughes S, Saucedo R, Espindola J M, Escober R, Layer P, 2006. Geological evolution of the Tacana volcanic complex, Mexico-Guatemala. In: Rose W I, Bluth G J S, Carr M J, Ewert J W, Patino L C, Vallance J W (eds), Volcanic hazards in Central America, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 412: 39-57.

Macias J L, Arce J L, García-Palomo A, Mora J C, Layer P W, Espindola J M, 2010. Late-Pleistocene flank collapse triggered by dome growth at Tacana volcano, Mexico-Guatemala, and its relationship to the regional stress regime. Bull Volc, 72: 32-53.

Macias J L, Espindola J M, Garcia-Palomo A, Scott K M, Hughes S, Mora J C, 2000. Late Holocene Pelean-style eruption at Tacana volcano, Mexico and Guatemala: past, present, and future hazards. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 112: 1234-1249.

Mercado R, Rose W I, 1992. Reconocimiento geologico y evaluacion preliminar de peligrosidad del volcan Tacana, Guatemala/Mexico. Geof Internac, 31: 205-237.

Mooser F, Meyer-Abich H, McBirney A R, 1958. Central America. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 6: 1-146.

Mora J C, Macias J L, Garcia-Palomo A, Arce J L, Espindola J M, Manetti P, Vaselli O, Sanchez J M, 2004. Petrology and geochemistry of the Tacana volcanic complex, Mexico-Guatemala: evidence for the last 40 000 yr of activity. Geof Internac, 43: 331-359.

Rodriquez L A, Watson M W, Rose W I, Branan Y K, Bluth G J S, Chigna G, Matias O, Escobar D, Carn S A, Fischer T P, 2004. SO2 emissions to the atmosphere from active volcanoes in Guatemala and El Salvador, 1999-2002. J Volc Geotherm Res, 138: 325-344.

Siebert L, Alvarado G E, Vallance J W, van Wyk de Vries B, 2006. Large-volume volcanic edifice failures in Central America and associated hazards. In: Rose W I, Bluth G J S, Carr M J, Ewert J W, Patino L C, Vallance J W (eds), Volcanic hazards in Central America, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 412: 1-26.

Smithsonian Institution-SEAN, 1975-89. [Monthly event reports]. Bull Scientific Event Alert Network (SEAN), v 1-14.

Tacaná is a 4060-m-high composite stratovolcano that straddles the México/Guatemala border at the NW end of the Central American volcanic belt. The volcano rises 1800 m above deeply dissected plutonic and metamorphic terrain. Three large calderas breached to the south, and the elongated summit region is dominated by a series of lava domes intruded along a NE-SW trend. Volcanism has migrated to the SW, and a small adventive lava dome is located in the crater of the youngest volcano, San Antonio, on the upper SW flank. Viscous lava flow complexes are found on the north and south flanks, and lobate lahar deposits fill many valleys. Radial drainages on the Guatemalan side are deflected by surrounding mountains into the Pacific coastal plain on the SW side of the volcano. Historical activity has been restricted to mild phreatic eruptions, but more powerful explosive activity, including the production of pyroclastic flows, has occurred as recently as about 1950 years ago.