La Gloria

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.33°N
  • 97.25°W

  • 3500 m
    11480 ft

  • 341097
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for La Gloria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for La Gloria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for La Gloria.

A broad area of Quaternary volcanic rocks lies in a sparsely populated highland between Cofre de Perote and Las Cumbres volcanoes. Two large arcuate east-facing scarps of uncertain origin are the most prominent features of the La Gloria volcanic field, whose name originates from the town at its NW base. The complex is also known as the Desconocido-Tecomales volcanic field. Numerous pyroclastic cones, some of which have a youthful morphology, are scattered throughout the complex on both sides of the escarpments. The age of the most recent eruptions in this poorly studied region is not known, although some lava flows were classified by Negendank et al. (1985) as Holocene based on their youthful morphology.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from La Gloria. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the La Gloria page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Desconocido-Tecomales

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Jolotepec, Cerro los Pyroclastic cone 2910 m 19° 19' 0" N 97° 13' 0" W
Organos, Los Pyroclastic cone 3020 m 19° 19' 0" N 97° 13' 0" W
San Juan Cuecuelco, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 2970 m 19° 21' 0" N 97° 17' 0" W
Tetillas, Las Pyroclastic cone 2680 m 19° 17' 0" N 97° 19' 0" W
The N-S-trending Cofre de Perote-Pico de Orizaba volcanic chain is perpendicular to the trend of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. This view southward from the summit of Cofre de Perote towards glacier-capped Pico de Orizaba in the background shows two lesser known volcanic complexes in between. The La Gloria volcanic field, also known as the Desconocido-Tecomales volcanic field, forms the dissected area in the center of the photo, and Las Cumbres volcano is the broad range that extends from in front of Orizaba to the right-center horizon.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1998 (Smithsonian Institution).
The western side of La Gloria volcanic complex rises above the Serdán Oriental basin. La Gloria complex forms a sparsely populated volcanic highland between Cofre de Perote and Las Cumbres volcanoes. The name of La Gloria volcanic field (also known as the Desconocido-Tecomales volcanic field) originates from a town at its NW base. Numerous pyroclastic cones, some of which have a youthful morphology, are scattered throughout the complex on both sides of two major east-facing escarpments.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
The 70-km-long NNE-SSW-trending Cofre de Perote-Pico de Orizaba chain is the easternmost of three volcanic chains perpendicular to the trend of the Mexican Volcanic Belt (MVB). The andesitic-dacitic Cofre de Perote shield volcano and snow-capped Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl) anchor the northern and southern ends of the chain, respectively. As with other transverse chains in the MVB, volcanism has migrated to the south, but here young satellitic cones of Pleistocene-to-Holocene age are scattered throughout the chain.

ASTER satellite image, 2001 (National Aeronautical and Space Administration, processed by Doug Edmonds).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Carrasco-Nunez G, 1999. . (pers. comm.).

Luhr J F, Kimberly P G, Siebert L, Aranda-Gomez J J, Housh T B, Kysar Mattietti G, 2006. Quaternary volcanic rocks: insights from the MEXPET petrological and geochemical database. In: Siebe S, Macias J-L, Aguirre-Diaz G J (eds) Neogone-Quaternary continental margin volcanism: a perspective from Mexico, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 402: 1-44.

Negendank J F W, Emmermann R, Krawczyk R, Mooser F, Tobschall H, Werle D, 1985. Geological and geochemical investigations on the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Geof Internac, 24: 477-575.

Vaselli O, Tassi F, Duarte E, Fernandez E, Poreda R J, Delgado Huertas A, 2010. Evolution of fluid geochemistry at the Turrialba volcano (Costa Rica) from 1998 to 2008. Bull Volc, 72: 397-410.

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Minor
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
108,512
108,512
290,739
5,697,562

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of La Gloria Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.