Cofre de Perote

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  • Mexico
  • Mexico
  • Shield(s)
  • 1150 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.492°N
  • 97.15°W

  • 4282 m
    14045 ft

  • 341096
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Cofre de Perote.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Cofre de Perote.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1150 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected) Lower NE flank (El Volcancillo)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Carrasco-Nunez G, Diaz-Castellon R, Siebert L, Hubbard B, Sheridan M F, Rodriguez S R, 2006. Multiple edifice-collapse events in the Eastern Mexican Volcanic Belt: the role of sloping substrate and implications for hazard assessment. J Volc Geotherm Res, 158: 151-176.

Carrasco-Nunez G, Righter K, Chesley J, Siebert L, Aranda-Gomez J-J, 2005. Contemporaneous eruption of calc-alkaline and alkaline lavas in a continental arc (eastern Mexican volcanic belt); chemically heterogeneous but isotopically homogeneous source. Contr Mineral Petr, 150: 423-440.

Carrasco-Nunez G, Siebert L, Diaz-Castellon R, Vazquez-Selem L, Capra L, 2010. Evolution and hazards of a long-quiescent compound shield-like volcano: Cofre de Perote, Eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. J Volc Geotherm Res, 197: 209-224.

Crausaz W, 1993. Pico de Orizaba or Citlaltepetl: geology, archaeology, history, natural history, and mountaineering routes. Amherst, Ohio: Geopress Internatl, 594 p.

Gomez-Tuena, LaGatta A B, Langmuir C H, Goldstein S L, Ortega-Gutierrez F, Carrasco-Nunez G, 2003. Temporal control of subduction magmatism in the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: mantle sources, slab contributions, and crustal contamination. Geochem Geophys Geosyst, 4(8): 1-33.

Negendank J F W, Emmermann R, Krawczyk R, Mooser F, Tobschall H, Werle D, 1985. Geological and geochemical investigations on the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Geof Internac, 24: 477-575.

Rodriguez S R, Morales-Barrera W, Layer P, Gonzalez-Mercado E, 2010. A quaternary monogenetic volcanic field in the Xalapa region, eastern Trans-Mexican volcanic belt: geology, distribution and morphology of the volcanic vents. J Volc Geotherm Res, 197: 149-166.

Siebe C, Abrams M, Sheridan M F, 1993. Major Holocene block-and-ash fan at the western slope of ice-capped Pico de Orizaba volcano, Mexico: Implications for future hazards. J Volc Geotherm Res, 59: 1-33.

Siebert L, Carrasco-Nunez G, 2002. Late-Pleistocene to precolumbian behind-the-arc mafic volcanism in the eastern Mexican Volcanic Belt; implications for future hazards. J Volc Geotherm Res, 115: 179-205.

Yarza de la Torre E, 1971. Volcanes de Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico: Aguilar, 237 p.

Cofre de Perote is a massive Quaternary andesitic-dacitic shield volcano that anchors the NNE end of a volcanic chain extending southward to Pico de Orizaba (Citlalt├ępetl) volcano. Lava flows dominated in formation of the broad compound shield volcano, which is largely of Pleistocene age and is morphologically distinct from the steep-sided stratovolcanoes of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. Glaciation at the summit has left a steep-sided, box-like peak, which is sometimes referred to as the "Treasure Chest of Perote." A large compound escarpment formed in part by multiple edifice collapses cuts the eastern side of the volcano. Numerous monogenetic cinder cones, likely related to regional volcanism, were erupted through the flanks of Cofre de Perote volcano. A cluster of very youthful basaltic cinder cones is located on the NE flank, and young lava flows have traveled eastward to beyond the major city of Xalapa (Jalapa), the capital of the state of Veracruz. The youngest lava flow, from the compound El Volcancillo vent on the lower NE flank, was radiocarbon dated at about 900 years ago.