Los Humeros

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  • Mexico
  • Mexico
  • Caldera(s)
  • Unknown
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.68°N
  • 97.45°W

  • 3150 m
    10332 ft

  • 341093
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Los Humeros.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Los Humeros.

There are no Holocene eruptions known for Los Humeros. If this volcano has had large eruptions prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Campos-Enriquez J O, Arredondo-Fragoso J J, 1992. Gravity study of Los Humeros caldera complex, Mexico; structure and associated geothermal system. J Volc Geotherm Res, 49: 69-90.

Carrasco-Nunez G, Branney M J, 2005. Progressive assembly of a massive layer of ignimbrite with a normal-to-reverse compositional zoning: the Zaragoza ignimbrite of central Mexico. Bull Volc, 68: 3-20.

Ferriz H, Mahood G A, 1984. Eruption rates and compositional trends at Los Humeros Volcanic Center, Puebla Mexico. J Geophys Res, 89: 8511-8524.

Ferriz H, Mahood G A, 1987. Strong compositional zonation in a silicic magmatic system: Los Humeros, Mexican neovolcanic belt. J Petr, 28: 171-209.

Martinez-S R G, Jacquier B, Arnold M, 1996. The delta 34S composition of sulfates and sulfides at the Los Humeros geothermal system, Mexico and their application to physicochemical fluid evolution. J Volc Geotherm Res, 73: 99-118.

Mooser F H, 1972. The Mexican Volcanic Belt: structure and tectonics. Geof Internac, 12: 55-70.

Negendank J F W, Emmermann R, Krawczyk R, Mooser F, Tobschall H, Werle D, 1985. Geological and geochemical investigations on the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Geof Internac, 24: 477-575.

Prol-Ledesma R M, 1998. Pre- and post-exploitation variations in hydrothermal activity in Los Humeros geothermal field, Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 83: 313-333.

Verma S P, 1983. Magma genesis and chamber processes at Los Humeros Caldera, Mexico; Nd and Sr isotope data. Nature, 302: 52-55.

Verma S P, 1984. Alkali and alkaline earth element geochemistry of Los Humeros Caldera, Puebla, Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 20: 21-40.

Verma S P, 2000a. Geochemical evidence for a lithospheric source for magmas from Los Humeros caldera, Puebla, Mexico. Chem Geol, 164: 35-60.

Verma S P, 1985. Heat source in Los Humeros geothermal area, Puebla, Mexico. Trans Geotherm Res Council, 9(Part 1): 521-526.

Verma S P, Lopez-Martinez M, 1982. Geochemistry of Los Humeros caldera, Puebla, Mexico. Bull Volc, 45: 63-79.

Los Humeros is the easternmost of a series of silicic volcanic centers with active geothermal systems located north of the axis of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. The first major silicic eruption produced the 230 cu km Xáltipan Ignimbrite about 460,000 years before present (BP), which covered about 3500 sq km and resulted in formation of the 15 x 21 km Los Humeros caldera. The emplacement of post-caldera lava domes and eruption of the 40 cu km Faby Tuff about 240,000 years BP was followed by eruption of the Zaragoza Tuff about 100,000 years BP and formation of the nested 10-km-wide Los Potreros caldera. A third and much smaller caldera (El Xalapazco) was formed about 40,000-20,000 years BP. The most recent eruptions at Los Humeros produced extensive morphologically youthful basaltic lava flows that are undated, but are younger than a 20,000 years BP rhyolitic lava flow and could be in part of early Holocene age (Negendank et al., 1985). Hot springs and fumarolic activity continues at Los Humeros, which is a producing geothermal field, the second developed in the Mexican Volcanic Belt.