Serdán-Oriental

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  • Mexico
  • Mexico
  • Tuff cone(s)
  • Unknown
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.27°N
  • 97.47°W

  • 3485 m
    11431 ft

  • 341092
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Serdán-Oriental.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Serdán-Oriental.

There are no Holocene eruptions known for Serdán-Oriental. If this volcano has had large eruptions prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Capra L, Macias J L, Scott K M, Abrams M, Garduno-Monroy V H, 2002. Debris avalanches and debris flows transformed from collapses in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Mexico - behavior, and implications for hazard assessment. J Volc Geotherm Res, 113: 81-110.

Carrasco-Nunez G, Ort M H, Romero C, 2007. Evolution and hydrological conditions of a maar volcano (Atexcac crater, Eastern Mexico). J Volc Geotherm Res, 159: 179-197.

Carrasco-Nunez G, Riggs N R, 2008. Polygenetic nature of a rhyolitic dome and implications for hazard assessment: Cerro Pizarro volcano, Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 171: 307-315.

Luhr J F, Kimberly P G, Siebert L, Aranda-Gomez J J, Housh T B, Kysar Mattietti G, 2006. Quaternary volcanic rocks: insights from the MEXPET petrological and geochemical database. In: Siebe S, Macias J-L, Aguirre-Diaz G J (eds) Neogone-Quaternary continental margin volcanism: a perspective from Mexico, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 402: 1-44.

Negendank J F W, Emmermann R, Krawczyk R, Mooser F, Tobschall H, Werle D, 1985. Geological and geochemical investigations on the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Geof Internac, 24: 477-575.

Ort M H, Carrasco-Nunez G, 2009. Lateral vent migration during phreatomagmatic and magmatic eruptions at Tecuitlapa maar, east-central Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 181: 67-77.

Riggs N R, Carrasco-Nunez G, 2004. Evolution of a complex isolated dome system, Cerro Pizarro, central Mexico. Bull Volc, 66: 322-335.

Siebe C, Macias J L, Abrams M, Rodriguez S, Castro R, 1997. Catastrophic prehistoric eruptions at Popocatepetl and Quaternary explosive volcanism in the Serdan-Oriental Basin, east-central Mexico. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Fieldtrip Guidebook, Excursion no 4, 88 p.

Siebe C, Verma S P, 1988. Major element geochemistry and tectonic setting of Las Derrumbadas rhyolitic domes, Puebla, Mexico. Chem Erde, 48: 177-189.

Zimmer B W, Riggs N R, Carrasco-Nunez G, 2010. Evolution of tuff ring-dome complex: the case study of Cerro Pinto, eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Bull Volc, 72: 1223-1240.

The Serdán-Oriental is a broad closed basin at the eastern end of the Mexican Altiplano dotted with rhyolitic lava domes, tuff cones, tuff rings, lava flows, and scoria cones of late-Pleistocene to Holocene age. The basin, filled by extensive large lakes during the Pleistocene, is bounded by the Cofre de Perote-Orizaba range on the east and Los Humeros caldera to the north. The most prominent features of the Serdán-Oriental volcanic field are the twin Las Derrumbadas lava domes, surrounded by an apron of debris-avalanche deposits, and the sharp-peaked Cerro Pizarro lava dome at the northern end of the basin. Several of the tuff rings, such as Laguna Atexcac and Laguna Alchichica, are filled with scenic lakes. A major explosive eruption from a vent inferred to be buried within the basin produced the Quetzalapa plinian pumice-fall deposit roughly 20,000 years ago.