La Malinche

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  • Mexico
  • Mexico
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1170 BCE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.231°N
  • 98.032°W

  • 4461 m
    14632 ft

  • 341091
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for La Malinche.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for La Malinche.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1170 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
5580 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
5870 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
6120 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
6310 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
6710 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
6890 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Abrams M J, Siebe C, 1994. Cerro Xalapaxco: an unusual tuff cone with multiple explosion craters, in central Mexico (Puebla). J Volc Geotherm Res, 63: 183-199.

Castro-Govea R, Siebe C, 2007. Late Pleistocene-Holocene stratigraphy and radiocarbon dating of La Malinche volcano, central Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 162: 20-42.

Crausaz W, 1993. Pico de Orizaba or Citlaltepetl: geology, archaeology, history, natural history, and mountaineering routes. Amherst, Ohio: Geopress Internatl, 594 p.

Freundt A, Kutterolf S, Schmincke H-U, Hansteen T, Wehrmann H, Perez W, Strauch W, Navarro M, 2006. Volcanic hazards in Nicaragua: past, present, and future. In: Rose W I, Bluth G J S, Carr M J, Ewert J W, Patino L C, Vallance J W (eds), Volcanic hazards in Central America, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 412: 141-165.

Macias J L, 2002. . (pers. comm.).

Nelson S A, 1990. Volcanic hazards in Mexico--a summary. Univ Nac Auton Mexico Inst Geol, Rev, 9: 71-81.

Siebe C, Macias J L, Abrams M, Rodriguez S, Castro R, 1997. Catastrophic prehistoric eruptions at Popocatepetl and Quaternary explosive volcanism in the Serdan-Oriental Basin, east-central Mexico. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Fieldtrip Guidebook, Excursion no 4, 88 p.

Smithsonian Institution-GVN, 1990-. [Monthly event reports]. Bull Global Volc Network, v 15-33.

Yarza de la Torre E, 1971. Volcanes de Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico: Aguilar, 237 p.

La Malinche is an eroded stratovolcano, cut by deep canyons, that rises to 4461 m NE of the city of Puebla. Malinche occupies an isolated position between the Popocatépetl-Iztaccíhuatl and Orizaba-Cofre de Perote volcanic ranges. Much of the andesitic-dacitic volcano was constructed during the Pleistocene, and the summit exhibits evidence of glacial erosion. This volcano remains relatively unstudied, however, recent work has identified tephra layers of Holocene age that originated from Volcán la Malinche. Several tuff cones and explosion craters, at least one of Holocene age, are found on the flanks of the volcano; one of the most prominent of these is the Xalapaxco tuff cone complex on the lower NE flank. Holocene lahars from La Malinche associated with an eruption about 3100 years ago reached the Puebla basin and affected precolumbian settlements.