Chichinautzin

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  • Mexico
  • Mexico
  • Volcanic field
  • 400 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.08°N
  • 99.13°W

  • 3930 m
    12890 ft

  • 341080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Chichinautzin.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Chichinautzin.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0400 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Xitle
0200 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Chichinautzin
2240 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Guespalapa
4250 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Tláloc
5840 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Cuauhtzin
7290 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (corrected) Cerro Tetepetl, Tenango lava flow
7370 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Tres Cruces
7930 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Volcán Pelado

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Arce J L, Macias R, Palomo A G, Capra L, Macias J L, Layer P, Rueda H, 2008. Late Pleistocene flank collapse of Zempoala volcano (Central Mexico) and the role of fault reactivation. J Volc Geotherm Res, 177: 944-958.

Bloomfield K, 1973. The age and significance of the Tenango basalt, central Mexico. Bull Volc, 37: 586-595.

Canon-Tapia E, Walker G P L, Herrero-Bervera E, 1995. Magnetic fabric and flow direction in basaltic pahoehoe lava of Xitle Volcano, Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 65: 249-263.

Delgado H, Arana-Salinas L, Nieto-Obregon J, Mendoza-Rosales C, Silva-Romo G, 1997. Pelado volcano in southern Mexico City, a young monogenetic volcano (<1000 years old) and its possible impact on human settlements. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Abs, p 123.

Delgado H, Romero-Taran E, Cervantes P, Molinero R, Nieto-Obregon J, Mendoza-Rosales C, Silva-Romo G, 1997. Volcan Ajusco (Mexico): evolution, collapse and volcano-tectonic relations, regional transition from polygenetic to monogenetic volcanism. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Abs, p 124.

Gonzalez S, Pastrana A, Siebe C, Duller G, 2000. Timing of the prehistoric eruption of Xitle Volcano and the abandonment of Cuicuilco Pyramid, southern basin of Mexico. In: McGuire W J, Griffiths D, Stewarts I (eds) {Geol Soc Spec Pub}, 171: 205-224.

Guilbaud M-N, Siebe C, Agustin-Flores J, 2009. Eruptive style of the young high-Mg basaltic-andesite Pelagatos scoria cone, southeast of Mexico City. Bull Volc, 71: 859-880.

Kirianov V Y, Koloskov A V, De la Cruz-Reyna S, Martin del Pozzo A L, 1990. Main stages of the most recent volcanism in the Chichinautzin zone, Mexico volcanic belt. Trans (Doklady) USSR Acad Sci Earth Sci, 311: 81-83.

Lugo-Hupb J, Ortiz-Perez M A, Palacio-Prieto J L, Bocco-Verdinelli G, 1985. Las zonas mas activas en el Cinturon Volcanico Mexicano (entre Michoacan y Tlaxcala). Geof Internac, 24: 83-96.

Marquez A, Verma S P, Anguita F, Oyarzun R, Brandle J L, 1999. Tectonics and volcanism of Sierra Chichinautzin: extension at the front of the Central Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. J Volc Geotherm Res, 93: 125-140.

Martin del Pozzo A L, 1993. Potential hazards from Popocatepetl and Chichinautzin monogenetic volcanoes near Mexico City. IAVCEI 1993 Canberra Mtg Abs, p 68.

Martin del Pozzo A L, 1982. Monogenetic volcanism in Sierra Chichinautzin, Mexico. Bull Volc, 45: 9-24.

Martin del Pozzo A L, Espinasa R, Lugo J, Barba L, Lopez J, Plunkett P, Urunuela G, Manzanilla L, 1997. Volcanic impact in central Mexico. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Fieldtrip Guidebook, 31 p.

Martinez-Serrano R G, Schaaf P, Solis-Pichardo G, del Sol Hernandez-Bernal M, Hernandez-Trevino T, Morales-Contreras J J, Macias J L, 2004. Sr, Nd and Pb isotope and geochemical data from the Quaternary Nevado de Toluca volcano, a source of recent adakitic magmatism, and the Tenango volcanic field, Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 138: 77-110.

Mooser F, Meyer-Abich H, McBirney A R, 1958. Central America. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 6: 1-146.

Nelson S A, Sanchez-Rubio G, 1986. Trans Mexican volcanic belt field guide. Geol Assoc Can, 108 p.

Siebe C, Arana-Salinas L, Abrams M, 2005. Geology and radiocarbon ages of Tlaloc, Tlacotenco, Cuauhtzin, Hijo del Cuauhtzin, and Ocusacayo monogenetic volcanoes in the central part of the Sierra Chichinautzin, Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 141: 225-243.

Siebe C, Macias J-L, 2006. Volcanic hazards in the Mexico City metropolitan area from eruptions at Popocatepetl, Nevado de Toluca, and Jocotitlan stratovolcanoes and monogenetic scoria cones in the Sierra Chichinautzin volcanic field. In: Siebe S, Macias J-L, Aguirre-Diaz G J (eds) Neogone-Quaternary continental margin volcanism: a perspective from Mexico, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 402: 253-329.

Siebe S, Rodriguez-Lara V, Schaaf P, Abrams M, 2004a. Radiocarbon ages of Holocene Pelado, Guespalapa, and Chichinautzin scoria cones, south of Mexico City: implications for archaeology and future hazards. Bull Volc, 66: 203-225.

Siebe S, Rodriguez-Lara V, Schaaf P, Abrams M, 2004b. Geochemistry, Sr-Nd isotope composition, and tectonic setting of Holocene Pelado, Guespalapa and Chichinautzin scoria cones, south of Mexico City. J Volc Geotherm Res, 130: 197-226.

Urrutia-Fucugauchi J, 1996. Palaeomagnetic study of the Xitle-Pedregal de San Angel lava flow, southern Basin of Mexico. Phys Earth Planet Interior, 97: 177-196.

Verma S P, 1999. Geochemistry of evolved magmas and their relationship to subduction-unrelated mafic volcanism at the volcanic front of the central Mexican volcanic belt. J Volc Geotherm Res, 93: 151-171.

Verma S P, 2000b. Geochemistry of the subducting Cocos plate and the origin of subduction-unrelated mafic volcanism at the volcanic front of the central Mexican Volcanic Belt. In; Delgado-Granados H, Aguirre-Diaz G J, Stock J M (eds), {Cenozoic Tectonics and Volcanism of Mexico}, Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 334: 195-222.

Wallace P J, Carmichael I S E, 1999. Quaternary volcanism near the Valley of Mexico: implications for subduction zone magmatism and the effects of crustal thickness variation of primitive magma compositions. Contr Mineral Petr, 135: 291-314.

The massive Chichinautzin volcanic field covers a 90-km-long, E-W-trending area immediately south of Mexico City. The Sierra Chichinautzin, formed primarily of overlapping small cinder cones and shield volcanoes, creates a broad topographic barrier at the southern end of the Basin of Mexico that extends from the eastern flank of Nevado de Toluca to the western flank of Iztaccíhuatl volcano. The volcanic field contains more than 220 Pleistocene-to-Holocene monogenetic vents. The best-known eruption occurred about 1670 radiocarbon years ago from the Xitle scoria cone, NE of the Volcán Ajusco lava-dome complex, which at 3930 m forms the highest peak of the Sierra Chichinautzin. The Xitle eruption produced a massive basaltic tube-fed lava flow that covered agricultural lands as well as pyramids and other structures of Cuicuilco and adjacent prehispanic urban centers. The southern part of Mexico City and the National University of México lie atop the distal end of the 13-km-long lava flow.