Zitacuaro-Valle de Bravo

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.4°N
  • 100.25°W

  • 3500 m
    11480 ft

  • 341061
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Zitacuaro-Valle de Bravo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Zitacuaro-Valle de Bravo.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Zitacuaro-Valle de Bravo.

The Zitácuaro-Valle de Bravo volcanic field in the central part of the Mexican Volcanic Belt consists of a broad region of shield volcanoes, lava domes, and cinder cones surrounding the city of Heroica de Zitácuaro. The Zitácuaro volcanic complex itself, located SE of the city, was constructed within the 30-km-wide Las Tres Chicas caldera of Miocene age, which later underwent three post-caldera episodes of intra-caldera lava dome resurgence and included the intrusion of dacitic central lava domes, the emplacement of pyroclastic flows, and the eruption of andesitic lava flows. The youngest dated activity at the complex produced La Dieta airfall deposit about 31,000 years ago, and persistent local seismicity continues at Zitácuaro. The Valle de Bravo area to the south contains dominantly andesitic lava domes and flows, many of which were erupted along regional faults. The youngest flows were erupted at the bottom of a fault-controlled canyon; the most recent of these, west of the Valle de Bravo lake, has been Argon-Argon dated at about 5200 +/- 2300 years, and morphology suggests a Holocene age for other cones.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
3050 BCE ± 2000 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Potassium-Argon West of Valle de Bravo

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Agua Bendita, Cerro Cone
Belvedere Cone
Bolsa, Cerro la Pyroclastic cone 1680 m 19° 0' 30" N 100° 9' 0" W
Cantarranas, Cerro Cone
Chilacayote, Cerro el Shield volcano 2200 m 19° 16' 0" N 100° 23' 0" W
Compana, Cerro la Cone
Comunidad Cone 2340 m 19° 21' 30" N 100° 20' 30" W
Coporito, Cerro el Cone
Cruz, Cerro la Pyroclastic cone 2380 m 19° 43' 0" N 100° 28' 0" W
Curungueo Cone 2300 m 19° 28' 30" N 100° 19' 0" W
Espazote, Cerro el Cone
Gloria, Cerro la Pyroclastic cone 2460 m 19° 42' 0" N 100° 28' 0" W
Gordo, Cerro Cone
Gordo, Volcán Cone 1580 m 18° 51' 30" N 100° 8' 0" W
Grande, Cerro Cone
Guacamaya, Cerro la Cone
Herradura, Cerro la Pyroclastic cone 2480 m 19° 43' 0" N 100° 31' 0" W
Hoyos, Cerro los Cone
Idolo, Cerro el Cone
Juanacanla Cone
Junacanila, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1780 m 19° 0' 30" N 100° 10' 0" W
Malacate, Cerro el Cone
Mesa de San Jerónimo Cone
Molcajete Cone 2440 m 19° 23' 30" N 100° 21' 0" W
Naranjo, El Cone 2100 m 19° 25' 0" N 100° 21' 0" W
Pelón, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1500 m 19° 4' 0" N 100° 15' 0" W
Pelón, Cerro Pyroclastic cone 1940 m 19° 2' 0" N 100° 9' 0" W
Peña Blanca Cone
Piloncillo, Cerro el Cone
Pueblo Nuevo Cone
Rosario, Cerro el Pyroclastic cone 1880 m 19° 13' 0" N 100° 12' 0" W
San Lucas Cone
Silla, Cerro la Cone
Tinaja, Volcán la Cone 1580 m 18° 51' 30" N 100° 6' 0" W
Tinajas, Cerro las Cone
Tuxpan Shield volcano 2460 m 19° 31' 0" N 100° 26' 0" W
Valle de Bravo Volcanic field 19° 0' 0" N 100° 10' 0" W

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
San Francisco Crater
Tres Chicas, Las Caldera
Zitacuaro, Hoyo de Crater

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Azul, Cerro Dome
Bonita, Loma Dome
Cacique, Cerro Dome 3200 m 19° 23' 0" N 100° 19' 0" W
Cañada Obscura, Cerro Dome
Candelero Dome 2340 m 19° 24' 0" N 100° 20' 30" W
Cebollas, Las Dome
Chato Dome
Chilesdo Dome
Cualta, La Dome
Estancia, Cerro la Dome
Flores, Cerro las Dome
Flores, Las Dome 2540 m 19° 25' 0" N 100° 17' 30" W
Gordo, Cerro Dome 2800 m
Laguna, La Dome
Lodo Prieto, Cerro Dome
Pachuca Dome 2460 m 19° 26' 0" N 100° 18' 0" W
Pelón, Cerro Dome 3500 m 19° 23' 30" N 100° 16' 0" W
Piedra Herrada, Cerro Dome
Piloncillo Dome 3300 m 19° 23' 0" N 100° 12' 30" W
Pinal de Marquezada Dome
Rededonda Dome
Rincón Chico Dome
Salitre de Cerro, El Dome
San Bartolo Dome 2500 m 19° 15' 30" N 100° 4' 0" W
San Luis el Alto Dome
Santiago del Monte Dome
Silla Dome 2620 m 19° 21' 0" N 100° 18' 0" W
A panoramic view from the north shows the 3200-m-high dacitic Cerro el Cacique lava dome, part of the extensive Zitácuaro-Valle de Bravo volcanic field in the central Mexican Volcanic Belt. The dome rises dramatically over the city of Heroica de Zitácuaro (100,000 inhabitants), which is built on top of a pyroclastic-flow deposit originating from collapse of the Cerro Pelón lava dome (visible to the left of the Cacique dome). Andesitic lava flows to the south in the Valle de Bravo area are as young as about 5000 years.

Photo by Lucia Capra, 1993 (courtesy of José Macías, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Aguirre-Diaz G J, Jaimes-Vierra M C, Nieto-Obregon J, 2006. The Valle de Bravo volcanic field: geology and geomorphometric parameters of a Quaternary monogenetic field at the front of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. In: Siebe S, Macias J-L, Aguirre-Diaz G J (eds) Neogone-Quaternary continental margin volcanism: a perspective from Mexico, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 402: 139-154.

Blatter D L, Carmichael I S E, 1998. Hornblende peridotite xenoliths from central Mexico reveal the highly oxidized nature of subarc upper mantle. Geology, 26: 1035-1038.

Blatter D L, Carmichael I S E, 1998. Plagioclase-free andesites from Zitacuaro (Michoacan), Mexico; petrology and experimental constraints. Contr Mineral Petr, 132: 121-138.

Blatter D L, Carmichael I S E, Deino A L, Renne P R, 2001. Neogene volcanism at the front of the central Mexican volcanic belt; basaltic andesites to dacites, with contemporaneous shoshonites and high-TiO2 lava. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 113: 1324-1342.

Capra L, Macias J L, Garduno V H, 1997. The Zitacuaro volcanic complex, Michoacan, Mexico: magmatic and eruptive history of a resurgent caldera. Geof Internac, 36: 161-179.

Luhr J F, Kimberly P G, Siebert L, Aranda-Gomez J J, Housh T B, Kysar Mattietti G, 2006. Quaternary volcanic rocks: insights from the MEXPET petrological and geochemical database. In: Siebe S, Macias J-L, Aguirre-Diaz G J (eds) Neogone-Quaternary continental margin volcanism: a perspective from Mexico, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 402: 1-44.

Volcano Types

Caldera
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)
Shield

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Dacite
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Minor
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
231,977
231,977
490,440
4,838,069

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Zitacuaro-Valle de Bravo Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.