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  • Mexico
  • Mexico
  • Cinder cone(s)
  • 1952 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.85°N
  • 101.75°W

  • 3860 m
    12661 ft

  • 341060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Michoacán-Guanajuato.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Michoacán-Guanajuato.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1943 Feb 20 1952 Feb 25 Confirmed 4 Historical Observations Parícutin
1759 Sep 29 1774 Confirmed 4 Historical Observations Jorullo
[ 1050 ± 50 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Valle de Santiago
1880 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Cerro el Jabalí
2050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology Valle de Santiago (La Alberca)
2750 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Cerro el Metate
6480 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Cerro la Taza
7350 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Hoyo el Huanillo

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Alonso H, 1976. Geothermal potential of Mexico. In: {Proc 2nd United Nations Symp Devel Use Geotherm Resour, San Francisco}, Washington D C: U S Government Printing Office, 1: 621-624.

Ban M, Hasenaka T, Delgado G H, Takaoka N, 1992. K-Ar ages of lavas from shield volcanoes in the Michoacan-Guanajuato volcanic field, Mexico. Geof Internac, 31: 467-473.

Capra L, Macias J L, Scott K M, Abrams M, Garduno-Monroy V H, 2002. Debris avalanches and debris flows transformed from collapses in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Mexico - behavior, and implications for hazard assessment. J Volc Geotherm Res, 113: 81-110.

Erlund E J, Cashman K V, Wallace P J, Pioli L, Rosi M, Johnson E, Delgado Granados H, 2010. Compositional evolution of magma from Paricutin Volcano, Mexico: the tephra record. J Volc Geotherm Res, 197: 167-187.

Foshag W F, Gonzalez-Reyna J, 1956. Birth and development of Paricutin volcano. U S Geol Surv Bull, 965-D: 355-489.

Fries C Jr, 1953. Volumes and weights of pyroclastic material, lava, and water erupted by Paricutin Volcano, Michoacan, Mexico. Eos, Trans Amer Geophys Union, 34: 603-616.

Gadow H, 1930. Jorullo. London: Cambridge Univ Press, 100 p.

Garduno-Monroy V H, Corona-Chavez P, Israde-Alcantara I, Mennella L, Arreygue E, Bigioggero B, Chiesa S, 1999. Carta Geologica de Michoacan. Univ Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, 1:250,000 scale.

Hasenaka T, 1994. Size, distribution, and magma output rate for shield volcanoes of the Michoacan-Guanajuato volcanic field, Central Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 63: 13-31.

Hasenaka T, Carmichael I S E, 1985. The cinder cones of Michoacan-Guanajuato, central Mexico: their age, volume and distribution, and magma discharge rate. J Volc Geotherm Res, 25: 105-124.

Luhr J F, Carmichael I S E, 1985. Jorullo volcano, Michoacan, Mexico (1759-1774): the earliest stages of fractionation in calc-alkaline magmas. Contr Mineral Petr, 90: 142-161.

Luhr J F, Delgado-Granados H, 1997. Aerial examination of volcanoes along the front of the western Trans-Mexican volcanic belt and a visit to Paricutin. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Fieldtrip Guidebook, Excursion no 9, 38 p.

Luhr J F, Kimberly P G, Siebert L, Aranda-Gomez J J, Housh T B, Kysar Mattietti G, 2006. Quaternary volcanic rocks: insights from the MEXPET petrological and geochemical database. In: Siebe S, Macias J-L, Aguirre-Diaz G J (eds) Neogone-Quaternary continental margin volcanism: a perspective from Mexico, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 402: 1-44.

Luhr J F, Simkin T (eds), 1993. Paricutin: The Volcano Born in a Mexican Cornfield. Phoenix: Geoscience Press, 427 p.

Mooser F, Meyer-Abich H, McBirney A R, 1958. Central America. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 6: 1-146.

Morelli S, Garduno Monroy V H, Gigli G, Falorni G, Arreygue Rocha E, Casagli N, 2010. The Tancitaro debris avalanche: characterization, propagation and modeling. J Volc Geotherm Res, 193: 93-105.

Nelson S A, Sanchez-Rubio G, 1986. Trans Mexican volcanic belt field guide. Geol Assoc Can, 108 p.

Ordonez M E, 1906. De Mexico a Jalapa. 10th Internatl Geol Cong, Mexico, Excur Guide, 1: 1-11.

Ort M H, Elson M D, Anderson K C, Duffield W A, Hooten J A, Champion D E, Waring G, 2008b. Effects of scoria-cone eruptions upon nearby human communities. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 120: 476-486.

Ownby S, Delgado Granados H, Lange R A, Hall C M, 2007. Volcan Tancitaro, Michoacan, Mexico, 40Ar/39Ar constraints on its history of sector collapse. J Volc Geotherm Res, 161:1-14.

Rodriguez-Elizarraras S, Komorowski J-C, Jimenez V, Siebe C, 1993. Libro-guia de la excursion geologica al volcan Paricutin, Estado de Michoacan, Mexico. Translated Title: Guidebook for a field trip to Paricutin Volcano, Michoacan, Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico: Univ Nac Auton Mex, Inst Geol, 130 p.

Segerstrom K, 1950. Erosion studies at Paricutin, State of Michoacan, Mexico. U S Geol Surv Bull, 965-A: 1-164.

Uribe-Cifuentes R M, Urrutia-Fucugauchi J, 1999. Paleomagnetic study of the Valle de Santiago volcanics, Michoacan-Guanajuato volcanic field, Mexico. Geof Internac, 38: 217-230.

Waitz P, 1906. Les geysers d'Ixtlan. 10th Internatl Geol Cong, Mexico, Excur Guide, 12: 1-22.

Williams H, 1950. Volcanoes of the Paricutin region Mexico. U S Geol Surv Bull, 965-B: 165-279.

Yarza de la Torre E, 1971. Volcanes de Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico: Aguilar, 237 p.

The widespread Michoacán-Guanajuato volcanic field contains over 1400 vents, including the historically active cinder cones of Parícutin and Jorullo, covering a 200 x 250 km wide area of Michoacán and Guanajuato states in west-central México. Cinder cones are the predominant volcanic form, but small shield volcanoes, lava domes, maars and tuff rings (many in the Valle de Santiago area), and coneless lava flows are also present. The shield volcanoes are mostly Pleistocene in age, and have morphologies similar to small Icelandic-type shield volcanoes, although the Michoacán-Guanajuato shields have higher slope angles and smaller basal diameters. Jorullo, which was constructed in the 18th century, and Parícutin, which grew above a former cornfield during 1943-52, are the two best known of the roughly 1000 small volcanic centers scattered throughout the volcanic field.