Ceboruco

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
Google Earth Placemark
  • Mexico
  • Mexico
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1875 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 21.125°N
  • 104.508°W

  • 2280 m
    7478 ft

  • 341030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Ceboruco.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Ceboruco.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1870 Feb 21 1875 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Upper west flank
1567 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1542 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
0930 ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 6 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Jala Pumice

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Browne B L, Gardner J E, 2004. The nature and timing of caldera collapse as indicated by accidental lithic fragments from the AD ~1000 eruption of Volcan Ceboruco, Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 130: 93-105.

Browne B L, Gardner J E, 2005. Transport and deposition of pyroclastic material from the ~1000 A.D. caldera-forming eruption of Volcan Ceboruco, Nayarit, Mexico. Bull Volc, 67: 469-489.

Ferrari L, Nelson S A, Rosas-Elguera J, Aguirre G, 1997. Tectonics and volcanism of the western Mexican volcanic belt. IAVCEI General Assembly, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 19-24, 1997, Fieldtrip Guidebook, Excursion no 12, 61 p.

Frey H M, Lange R A, Hall C H, Delgado-Granados H, 2004. Magma eruption rates constrained by 40Ar/39Ar chronology and GIS for the Ceboruco-San Pedro volcanic field, western Mexico. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 116: 259-276.

Gardner J E, Tait S, 2000. The caldera-forming eruption of Volcan Ceboruco, Mexico. Bull Volc, 62: 20-33.

Luhr J F, Kimberly P G, Siebert L, Aranda-Gomez J J, Housh T B, Kysar Mattietti G, 2006. Quaternary volcanic rocks: insights from the MEXPET petrological and geochemical database. In: Siebe S, Macias J-L, Aguirre-Diaz G J (eds) Neogone-Quaternary continental margin volcanism: a perspective from Mexico, {Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap}, 402: 1-44.

Martin U, Nemeth K, 2006. How Strombolian is a "Strombolian" scoria cone? Some irregularities in scoria cone architecture from the Transmexican Volcanic Belt, near Volcan Ceboruco, (Mexico) and Al Haruj (Libya). J Volc Geotherm Res, 155: 104-118.

Mooser F, Meyer-Abich H, McBirney A R, 1958. Central America. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 6: 1-146.

Nelson S A, 1980. Geology and petrology of Volcan Ceboruco, Nayarit, Mexico - Summary. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 91: 639-643.

Nelson S A, 1986. Geologia del Volcan Ceboruco, Nayarit, con una estimacion de riesgos de erupciones futuras. Univ Nac Auton Mexico, Inst Geol Rev, 6: 243-258.

Nelson S A, Sanchez-Rubio G, 1986. Trans Mexican volcanic belt field guide. Geol Assoc Can, 108 p.

Volcán Ceboruco is the only historically active volcano in the NW part of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. The complex stratovolcano rises above the floor of the Tepic graben and is truncated by two concentric summit calderas. Eruption of the voluminous rhyodacitic Jala Pumice, the largest known in México during the Holocene, formed the initial 4-km-wide caldera about 1000 years ago. The second caldera, 1.5 km wide, was formed by collapse of part of the large Dos Equis dacitic lava dome, which partly filled the earlier caldera. About 15 basaltic and andesitic cinder cones and lava flows have erupted along a NW-SE-trending line cutting across Ceboruco. The massive, sparsely vegetated El Norte lava flow, probably erupted in the past few hundred years, blankets the entire northern flank of the volcano. The last eruption of Ceboruco took place during 1870-75. Explosive eruptions from a vent on the upper west flank accompanied extrusion of a 1.1 cu km dacitic lava flow that covers a large area on the lower western flank.