Isla Tortuga

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  • Mexico
  • Mexico
  • Shield
  • Unknown
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 27.43°N
  • 111.88°W

  • 210 m
    689 ft

  • 341011
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Isla Tortuga.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Isla Tortuga.

There are no Holocene eruptions known for Isla Tortuga. If this volcano has had large eruptions prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Batiza R, 1978. Geology, petrology, and geochemistry of Isla Tortuga, a recently formed tholeiitic island in the Gulf of California. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 89: 1309-1324.

Batiza R, Futa K, Hedge C E, 1979. Trace element and strontium isotope characteristics of volcanic rocks from Isla Tortuga: a young seamount in the Gulf of California. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 43: 269-278.

Beal C H, 1948. Reconnaissance of the geology and oil possibilities of Baja California, Mexico. Geol Soc Amer Mem, 31: 1-138.

A youthful shield volcano forms Isla Tortuga, which lies in the Gulf of California 40 km off the Baja coast. A circular, 1-km-wide caldera, west of the center of the oval, 4-km-long island, truncates the small shield volcano, which reaches only about 210 m above sea level. Circumferential faults cut the rim of the >100-m-deep caldera, which is floored by a solidified lava lake and contains youthful-looking spatter cones. The shield volcano was constructed during two north-migrating periods of activity that began with submarine eruptions and included formation of a circular tuff-ring complex enclosing the caldera. The sides of a small volcanic horst in the center of the caldera display lava flows overlying a 2-m-thick halite bed, formed when sea water filled the caldera, creating an evaporite basin. Recent lava flows cover most of the flanks of the volcano, and fumarolic activity has continued into historical time.