Haleakala

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 20.708°N
  • 156.25°W

  • 3055 m
    10020 ft

  • 332060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Haleakala.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Haleakala.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1750 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology SW rift zone (180-360 m), Kalua o Lapa flow
1460 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone, Kawaipapa lava flow
1420 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SW rift zone
1360 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SW rift zone (~1600 m), Makua flow
1350 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SW rift zone (~1500 m), Keonehunehune flow
1200 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SW rift zone (~1200 m)
1080 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) North crater wall (Hanakauhi flow)
1020 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SW rift zone, Mauka flow
1010 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Haleakala crater (Halali'i)
0990 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone, Puu Hina'i, Ka'eleku flows
0980 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Haleakala crater (Puu o ka O'o)
0910 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Haleakala crater, Kalua Awa flow
0790 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Haleakala crater (Puu Nole)
0080 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Haleakala crater
0290 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SW rift zone (~2400 m)
0390 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) North crater wall
0580 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Haleakala crater
1140 BCE ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SW rift zone, Auwahi flow
1240 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Upper SW rift zone (~2800 m)
1310 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Upper SW rift zone (~2600 m)
1800 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Haleakala crater
1850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SW rift zone (~1600 m)
1900 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone, Wai'ele'ele flow
1940 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SW rift zone
2120 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Haleakala crater (Puu Maile)
2210 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone
2260 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone (East Camp cone)
2470 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SW rift zone (~2000 m)
2580 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
3070 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone
4760 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
5860 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone
6030 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone, Lo'alo'a flow
6220 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SW rift zone, Kanahau flow
6700 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SW rift zone, Waiohuli flow
6760 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SW rift zone (W of Kanahau)
7210 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Upper SW rift zone
7450 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone
7570 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East rift zone, Kuhiwa flow
7950 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) SW rift zone (~1800 m)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Bergmanis E C, Sinton J M, Trusdell F A, 2000. Rejuvenated volcanism along the southwest rift zone, East Maui, Hawai'i. Bull Volc, 62: 239-255.

Crandell D R, 1983. Potential hazards from future volcanic eruptions on the island of Maui, Hawaii. U S Geol Surv Map, I-1442.

Eakins B W, Robinson J E, 2006. Submarine geology of Hana Ridge and Haleakala volcano's northeast flank, Maui. J Volc Geotherm Res, 151: 229-250.

Green J, Short N M, 1971. Volcanic Landforms and Surface Features: a Photographic Atlas and Glossary. New York: Springer-Verlag, 519 p.

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Macdonald G A, 1955. Hawaiian Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 3: 1-37.

Macdonald G A, 1978. Geologic map of the crater section of Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii. U S Geol Surv Map, I-1088, 8 p text.

Reber G, 1959. Age of lava flows on Haleakala, Hawaii. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 70: 1245-1246.

Robinson J E, Eakins B W, 2006. Calculated volumes of individual shield volcanoes at the young end of the Hawaiian Ridge. J Volc Geotherm Res, 151: 309-317.

Sherrod D R, McGeehin J P, 1999. New radiocarbon ages from Haleakala crater, island of Maui, Hawai'i. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 99-143: 1-14.

U S Geological Survey, 2002. Tables of new volcano-related radiocarbon ages for East Maui (Haleakala volcano) as of 2002. http://hvo.usgs.gov/volcanoes/halakala.c14ages_2002.pdf.

U S Geological Survey, 1999. Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790. http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/1999/99_09_09.html.

The massive Haleakala shield volcano forms the eastern portion of the dumbbell-shaped island of Maui. The summit of 3055-m Haleakala contains a dramatic, 3.5 x 9.5 km summit crater that is widely breached on the north and SE sides. The "crater" is not of volcanic origin, but formed as a result of the coalescence of headward erosion of the Koolau and Kaupo valleys. Subsequently the crater has been partially filled by a chain of young cinder cones and lava flows erupted along a major rift zone that extends across the basaltic shield volcano from the SW to the east flanks. Another less prominent rift zone trends north from the summit. The most recent eruption was thought to have occurred between the exploring voyages of La Perouse in 1786 and Vancouver in 1793, but uncertainty surrounds the date of this event, which could have occurred in about 1750 CE (anthropological evidence) or several centuries earlier (radiocarbon dates).