Hualalai

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.692°N
  • 155.87°W

  • 2523 m
    8275 ft

  • 332040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Hualalai.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Hualalai.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1800 1801 Confirmed 0 Historical Observations NW rift zone (520 m), Huehue flow
1784 ± 7 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations NW rift zone (1400-1900 m), Kaupulehu flow
1650 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NW rift zone (Luamakami)
1240 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SSE rift zone (Waha Pele)
1150 (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology NW rift zone (Puu Alauawa, Nahaha)
1050 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SSE rift zone (3 km NE of Waha Pele)
0920 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NW rift zone (2 km NW of Luamakami)
0770 ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SSE rift zone (4.5 km NW of Waha Pele
0080 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) North rift zone (1130-1830 m)
0350 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SE flank (1 km west of Waha Pehe)
0400 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NW rift zone (Luamakami)
0440 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) North rift zone (3 km NE of Hainoa)
0720 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) North rift zone (700 m ENE of Hainoa)
1080 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1150 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NW rift zone (0.7 km NW of Luamakami)
1650 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
2040 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NW rift zone (0.3 km NW of Hainoa)
2440 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NW rift zone (1 km W of Hainoa Crater)
2770 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
4410 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) SE rift zone (1.6 km SE of Hainoa)
6820 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Cone 60 m north of Hainoa Crater
7540 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Guest J E, Spudis P D, Greeley R, Taylor G J, Baloga S M, 1995. Emplacement of xenolith nodules in the Kaupulehu lava flow, Hualalai volcano, Hawaii. Bull Volc, 57: 179-184.

Hammer J E, Coombs M L, Shamberger P J, Kimura J-I, 2006. Submarine sliver in North Kona: a window into the early magmatic and growth history of Hualalai volcano, Hawaii. J Volc Geotherm Res, 151: 157-188.

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Kauahikaua J, Camara B, 2000. Most recent eruptions of Hualalai volcano, Hawai'i: geological evidence from the historical record. In: McCoy F W, Heiken G (eds), {Volcanic Hazards and Disasters in Human Antiquity}, Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 345: 25-32.

Kauahikaua J, Cashman K V, Clague D A, Champion D, Hagstrum J T, 2002. Emplacement of the most recent lava flows on Hualalai volcano, Hawai'i. Bull Volc, 64: 229-253.

Lipman P W, Coombs M L, 2006. North Kona slump: submarine flank failure during the early(?) tholeiitic shield stage of Hualalai volcano. J Volc Geotherm Res, 151: 189-216.

Macdonald G A, 1955. Hawaiian Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 3: 1-37.

Moore R B, Clague D A, Rubin M, Bohrson W A, 1987. Hualalai volcano: a preliminary summary of geologic, petrologic, and geophysical data. U S Geol Surv Prof Pap, 1350: 571-585.

Robinson J E, Eakins B W, 2006. Calculated volumes of individual shield volcanoes at the young end of the Hawaiian Ridge. J Volc Geotherm Res, 151: 309-317.

Hualalai volcano, at the western end of the island, is the third youngest shield volcano on Hawaii. At 2523 m, it is dwarfed by its massive neighbors, Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea. Three rift zones, dotted with cinder cones and spatter cones, trend north, NW, and SE, and converge about 5 km east of the summit. Detailed mapping has shown that 95% of the surface area of the basaltic shield volcano is of Holocene age, more than half is less than 3000 years old, and a quarter is less than 1000 years old. The only historical eruptions of Hualalai took place during the end of the 18th century and in 1801, when lava flows from vents on the NW rift zone reached the sea and buried Hawaiian villages; the 1801 Huehue lava flow underlies part of the international airport at Kona. The earlier of the two flows, the Kaupulehu lava flow, is notable for its large quantities of lava-encrusted mafic and ultramafic nodular xenoliths.