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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 33.78°N
  • 105.93°W

  • 1731 m
    5678 ft

  • 327110
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Carrizozo.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Carrizozo.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
3250 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Surface Exposure Little Black Peak

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Dunbar N, 1999. Cosmogenic 36Cl-determined age of the Carrizozo lava flows, south-central New Mexico. New Mex Geol, 21(2): 25-29.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Keszthelyi L P, Pieri D C, 1993. Emplacement of the 75-km-long Carrizozo lava flow field, south-central New Mexico. J Volc Geotherm Res, 59: 59-75.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, 1975. Igneous-related geothermal systems. U S Geol Surv Circ, 726: 58-83.

Stoeser D B, Senterfit M K, Zelten J E, 1989. Mineral resources of the Little Black Peak and Carrizozo Lava Flow wilderness study areas, Lincoln County, New Mexico. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1734-4: 1-20.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

The massive Carrizozo lava flow, which traveled 75 km down the Tularosa Basin of south-central New Mexico, is one of Earth's longest known Holocene lava flows. The youthful-looking basaltic flow originated from a broad low basaltic shield on the floor of the Tularosa Basin, east of the Rio Grande Rift, topped by Little Black Peak, a small cinder cone. The 4.2 cu km tube-fed pahoehoe flow covered 330 sq km and has a width that ranges from 1 km in the central neck region to 5 km in the proximal and distal portions. The flow was inferred to have been emplaced during a single long-duration eruption estimated to have lasted 2-3 decades. A surface exposure age of about 5200 years Before Present was obtained for the Carrizozo lava flow, the second youngest in New Mexico. An older lava flow traveled 16 km south and 11 km east from Broken Back crater.