Black Rock Desert

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.97°N
  • 112.5°W

  • 1800 m
    5904 ft

  • 327050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Black Rock Desert.

 Available Weekly Reports

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Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1290 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Ice Springs Craters

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Condie K C, Barsky C K, 1972. Origin of Quaternary basalts from the Black Rock Desert region, Utah. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 83: 333-352.

Hoover J D, 1974. Periodic Quaternary volcanism in the Black Rock Desert, Utah. Brigham Young Univ Geol Studies, 21: 3-72.

Johnsen R L, Smith I E, Biek R F, 2010. Subalkaline volcanism in the Black Rock Desert and Markagunt Plateau volcanic fields of south-central Utah. In: Carney S M, Tabet D E, Johnson C L (eds), Geology of South-Central Utah {Utah Geol Assoc Pub} 39: 109-150.

Oviatt C G, 1991. Quaternary geology of the Black Rock Desert, Millard County, Utah. Utah Geol Min Surv Spec Studies, 73: 1-23.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, 1975. Igneous-related geothermal systems. U S Geol Surv Circ, 726: 58-83.

White J D L, 1996. Pre-emergent construction of a lacustrine basaltic volcano, Pavant Butte, Utah (USA). Bull Volc, 58: 249- 262.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

The Black Rock Desert volcanic field consists of a group of closely spaced small volcanic fields of Pleistocene-to-Holocene age in the Black Rock and Sevier deserts of south-central Utah, at the eastern margin of the Great Basin. The Black Rock Desert field contains both Utah's youngest known rhyolite dome (0.4 million years old) and its youngest eruptive vent, which produced the roughly 660-year-old Ice Springs lava flows. The broader Black Rock Desert volcanic field includes the smaller Deseret, Pavant, Kanosh, Tabernacle, Ice Spring, and northern Black Rock Desert volcanic fields. The Pavant Butte and Tabernacle Hill tuff cones were erupted about 16,000 and 14,000 years ago through the waters of glacial Lake Bonneville. Lava flows from the Ice Springs crater complex traveled about 4 km to the west and north, overlapping late-Pleistocene flows from Pavant Butte.