Mono Craters

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.88°N
  • 119°W

  • 2796 m
    9171 ft

  • 323120
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Mono Craters.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Mono Craters.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1350 ± 20 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Dendrochronology Panum Crater and nearby vents
1000 ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Hydration Rind Dome on NW edge of NW Coulee
0810 ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern Mono Craters?
0700 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology South Coulee
0490 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) NW Coulee and Pumice Pit dome
0440 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern Mono Craters
0320 ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) South Coulee?
0010 ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) South Coulee?
0700 BCE ± 800 years Unknown Confirmed   Hydration Rind Central Mono Craters
3850 BCE ± 1160 years Unknown Confirmed   Hydration Rind Crater north of Punchbowl
6750 BCE ± 1740 years Unknown Confirmed   Hydration Rind Punchbowl

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Bailey R A, 1989. Geologic map of Long Valley caldera, Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain, and vicinity, eastern California. U S Geol Surv Map, I-1933, 11 p text.

Bailey R A, Miller C D, Sieh K, 1989. Excursion 13B: Long Valley caldera and Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain. New Mexico Bur Mines Min Resour Mem, 47: 227-254.

Bursik M, 1993. Subplinian eruption mechanisms inferred from volatile and clast dispersal data. J Volc Geotherm Res, 57: 57-70.

Bursik M, Sieh K, 1989. Range front faulting and volcanism in the Mono Basin, eastern California. J Geophys Res, 94: 15, 585-15,609.

California Div. Mines and Geology, 1958-69. Geologic atlas of California, 1:250,0000 scale.. Calif Div Mines Geol.

Green J, Short N M, 1971. Volcanic Landforms and Surface Features: a Photographic Atlas and Glossary. New York: Springer-Verlag, 519 p.

Hildreth W, 2004. Volcanological perspectives on Long Valley, Mammoth Mountain, and Mono Craters: several contiguous but discrete systems. J Volc Geotherm Res, 136: 169-198.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kent D V, Hemming S R, Turrin B D, 2002. Laschamp excursion at Mono Lake?. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 197: 151-164.

Shaffer W, Bursik M, Renshaw C, 2010. Elastic source model of the North Mono eruption (1325-1368 A.D.) based on shoreline deformation. Bull Volc, 72: 1131-1152.

Sieh K, Bursik M, 1986. Most recent eruption of the Mono Craters, eastern central California. J Geophys Res, 91: 12,539-12,571.

The Mono Craters, lying on the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada between Mono Lake and Long Valley caldera, form an arcuate, 17-km-long group of 30 or more dominantly rhyolitic lava domes, lava flows, and tephra rings. The partially overlapping dike-fed domes were erupted near the margin of a pull-apart basin on the east side of the Sierra Nevada. Explosive eruptions began more than 50,000 years ago from now-buried vents, but almost all of the exposed domes and flows are of Holocene age. Activity has propagated both north and south from the center of the chain during the late Holocene. The latest eruptions occurred about 600 years ago, nearly contemporaneously with the eruptions from Inyo Craters to the south, producing a series of tephra rings and obsidian lava domes and flows at the northern end of the chain accompanied by eruption of locally extensive tephra layers.