Indian Heaven

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.93°N
  • 121.82°W

  • 1806 m
    5924 ft

  • 321070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Indian Heaven.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Indian Heaven.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
6250 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Big Lava Bed

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Hammond P E, 1984. Indian Heaven, S. Washington Cascade Range a basaltic volcanic field supplied by a central magma system? (abs). Geol Soc Amer Abs Prog, 16: 528.

Hammond P E, Pedersen S A, Hopkins K D, Aiken D, Harle D S, Danes Z F, Konicek D L, Stricklin C R, 1976. Geology and gravimetry of the Quaternary basaltic volcanic field, southern Cascade Range, Washington. In: {Proc 2nd United Nations Symp Devel Use Geotherm Resour, San Francisco}, Washington D C: U S Government Printing Office, 1: 397-405.

Hildreth W E, 2007. Quaternary magmatism in the Cascades--geologic perpectives. U S Geol Surv Prof Pap, 1744: 1-125.

Korosec M A, 1987. Geologic map of Mount Adams. Wash Div Geol Earth Sci, 1:100,000 geol map.

Sherrod D R, Smith J G, 1990. Quaternary extrusion rates of the Cascade Range, northwestern United States and southern British Columbia. J Geophys Res, 95: 19,465-19,474.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, 1975. Igneous-related geothermal systems. U S Geol Surv Circ, 726: 58-83.

Swanson D A, Cameron K A, Evarts R C, Pringle P T, Vance J A, 1989. Excursion 1A: Cenozoic volcanism in the Cascade Range and Columbia Plateau, southern Washington. New Mexico Bur Mines Min Resour Mem, 47: 1-50.

Wise W S, 1970. Cenozoic volcanism in the Cascade Mountains of southern Washington. Wash Dept Nat Resour Bull, 60: 1-45.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

The Pleistocene-to-Holocene Indian Heaven volcanic field, located midway between Mount St. Helens and Mount Adams, is an area of low overlapping shield volcanoes with flank vents primarily oriented along a N-S line. Small shield volcanoes topped by cinder and spatter cones dominate the volcanic field, which also contains subglacial vents. The shield volcanoes extend from Sawtooth Mountain on the north to Red Mountain on the south; the high point of the field is 1806-m-high Lemei Rock shield volcano. Basasltic-to-andesitic lava flows blanket much of the field; individual lava flows, many of which display extensive lava tubes, traveled up to 46 km. The youngest eruption about 8200 years ago produced the voluminous Big Lava Bed, a 0.9 cu km basaltic lava flow that traveled nearly 25 km south of its source, an unnamed cinder cone SE of Red Mountain, to within 8 km of the Columbia River.