Atlin Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 59.68°N
  • 133.32°W

  • 1880 m
    6166 ft

  • 320030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Atlin Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Atlin Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Atlin Volcanic Field.

Geological Background

A group of late-Pleistocene to Holocene cinder cones lies on the Teslin Plateau in NW-most British Columbia, east of Atlin Lake. The largest volcanic feature is 1880-m-high Ruby Mountain (named for the brilliantly colored tephra deposits at its summit and flanks), which has been partially dissected by Pleistocene and post-Wisconsin glaciation. Two basaltic cinder cones at the heads of Cracker and Volcanic Creeks lie within glacially dissected U-shaped valleys and were considered to be of postglacial age (Edwards et al., 1996). Placer miners working in the region at the end of the 19th century reported an eruption from the Ruby Mountain area about 80 km south of Gladys Lake (Hickson et al., 1994; Edwards et al., 1996) during which ashfall was reported for several days and the miners were able to work at nights due to incandescent glow from the eruption. No field evidence has been found, however, for a volcanic cone or lava flow in the Atlin area young enough to have been the product of an historical eruption, and the report is considered uncertain.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1898 Nov 8 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Surprise Lake Volcanic Field | Llangorse Volcanic Field


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Chikoida Mountain Cone
Cracker Creek Cone Cone 1320 m 59° 42' 0" N 133° 17' 25" W
Llangorse Mountain Cone 59° 22' 0" N 133° 47' 0" W
Ruby Creek Vent 59° 39' 0" N 133° 21' 35" W
Ruby Mountain Cone 1880 m 59° 42' 0" N 133° 23' 0" W
Sanford, Mount Cone
Volcanic Creek Cone Pyroclastic cone 1600 m 59° 45' 0" N 133° 27' 0" W

Photo Gallery

Cracker Creek cone (center), the small vegetated hill seen here from the west, is the youngest feature of the Atlin volcanic field on the Teslin Plateau in NW British Columbia. The small cinder cone lies at the head of Cracker Creek, immediately east of Ruby Mountain volcano, and may have been the source of a large lava flow that partly filled Ruby Creek. The lower west side of the cone appears to be partly covered by glacial till, suggesting that the cone is older than the most recent glacial advances down Ruby Creek.

Photo by Ben Edwards, 2000 (Dickinson College, Pennsylvania).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Aitken J D, 1959. Atlin map-area, British Columbia. Geol Surv Can Mem, 307: 1-89.

Edwards B R, Hamilton T S, Nicholls J, Stout M Z, Russell J K, Simpson K, 1996. Late Tertiary to Quaternary volcanism in the Atlin area, northwestern British Columbia. Geol Surv Can, Current Res 1996-A: 29-36.

Edwards B R, Russell J K, Anderson R G, Harder M, 2003. Overview of Neogene to Recent volcanism in the Atlin volcanic district, Northern Cordilleran province, northwestern British Columbia. Geol Surv Canada, Current Res, 2003-A8: 1-6.

Harder M, Russell J K, 2007. Basanite glaciovolcanism at Llangorse Mountain, northern British Columbia, Canada. Bull Volc, 69: 329-340.

Hickson C J, Edwards B R, 2001. Volcanoes and Volcanic Hazards in Canada. In; Brooks G R (ed) {A Synthesis of Geological Hazards in Canada}, Geol Surv Can Bull, 548: 1-248.

Hickson C J, Soos A, Wright R, 1994. Catalogue of Canadian volcanoes. Geol Surv Canada Open-File Rpt.

Holland S S, 1976. Landforms of British Columbia, a physiographic outline. Brit Columbia Dept Mines Petrol Resour Bull, 48: 1-138 (2nd printing).

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Atlin Volcanic Field Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.