Kaguyak

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 58.608°N
  • 154.028°W

  • 901 m
    2955 ft

  • 312250
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Kaguyak.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Kaguyak.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
3850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Kaguyak caldera
4060 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Fierstein J, 2007. Explosive eruptive record in the Katmai region, Alaska Peninsula: an overview. Bull Volc, 69: 469-509.

Fierstein J, Hildreth W, 2008. Kaguyak dome field and its Holocene caldera, Alaska Peninsula. J Volc Geotherm Res, 177: 301-312.

Henning R A, Rosenthal C H, Olds B, Reading E (eds), 1976. Alaska's volcanoes, northern link in the ring of fire. Alaska Geog, 4: 1-88.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Riehle J R, Waitt R B, Meyer C E, Calk L C, 1998. Age of formation of Kaguyak caldera, eastern Aleutian arc, Alaska, estimated by tephrochronology. In: Gray J E, Riehle J R (eds) {Geologic studies in Alaska by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1996}, US Geol Surv Prof Pap, 1595: 161-168.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

The small, but spectacular 2.5-km-wide Kaguyak caldera in the NE part of Katmai National Park is filled by a >180-m-deep lake whose surface lies more than 550 m below the caldera rim. Kaguyak volcano is only 901 m high, but rises directly from lowland areas near sea level south of the Big River. Initially considered to be a typical stratovolcano truncated by a caldera, the pre-caldera edifice has been shown to consist of nine continuguous late-Pleistocene lava dome clusters, most of which lie east of the present caldera. A large post-caldera lava dome extends into the lake on the SW side and another dome forms a small island in the center of the lake. The youthful caldera is unglaciated, and distal tephras from the caldera-forming eruption have been radiocarbon dated at about 5800 years before present. Voluminous dacitic pyroclastic-flow deposits surround the caldera and reached Shelikof Strait to the SE.