Chiginagak

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 57.135°N
  • 156.99°W

  • 2221 m
    7285 ft

  • 312110
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

24 August-30 August 2005

AVO reported that a 400-m-wide "melt-water lake" formed in the snow-and-ice filled summit crater of Chiginagak sometime after the previous observation in August 2004. Earlier this summer, the southern crater rim of Chiginagak was breached, allowing a portion of the lake to drain. The resulting lahar left a deposit on a glacier draining the crater to the S and caused flooding of 1-2 m above normal at Indecision Creek. The breach in the crater rim and the ensuing lahar probably occurred in July 2005; there were reports from a nearby lodge at this time of strong sulfur smells and cloudy, yellowish water in the Indecision Creek drainage. There were no indications that an eruption is imminent or that this event is necessarily precursory to an eruption. Chiginagak is not seismically monitored, so AVO did not assign it a Concern Color Code.

Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)



 Available Weekly Reports


2005: August


24 August-30 August 2005

AVO reported that a 400-m-wide "melt-water lake" formed in the snow-and-ice filled summit crater of Chiginagak sometime after the previous observation in August 2004. Earlier this summer, the southern crater rim of Chiginagak was breached, allowing a portion of the lake to drain. The resulting lahar left a deposit on a glacier draining the crater to the S and caused flooding of 1-2 m above normal at Indecision Creek. The breach in the crater rim and the ensuing lahar probably occurred in July 2005; there were reports from a nearby lodge at this time of strong sulfur smells and cloudy, yellowish water in the Indecision Creek drainage. There were no indications that an eruption is imminent or that this event is necessarily precursory to an eruption. Chiginagak is not seismically monitored, so AVO did not assign it a Concern Color Code.

Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)


Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1998 Aug 13 1998 Aug 13 (?) Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1971 Jul 1971 Jul Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1929 Dec ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1852 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Coats R R, 1950. Volcanic activity in the Aleutian Arc. U S Geol Surv Bull, 974-B: 35-47.

Henning R A, Rosenthal C H, Olds B, Reading E (eds), 1976. Alaska's volcanoes, northern link in the ring of fire. Alaska Geog, 4: 1-88.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Miller T P, McGimsey R G, Richter D H, Riehle J R, Nye C J, Yount M E, Dumoulin J A, 1998. Catalogue of the historically active volcanoes of Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 98-582: 1-104.

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

Smith W R, Baker A A, 1922. The Cold Bay-Chignik district, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Bull, 755-D: 156-157 & 191-192.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

The symmetrical, calc-alkaline Chiginagak stratovolcano located about 15 km NW of Chiginagak Bay contains a small summit crater, which is breached to the south, and one or more summit lava domes. Satellitic lava domes occur high on the NW and SE flanks of the glacier-mantled volcano. An unglaciated lava flow and an overlying pyroclastic-flow deposit extending east from the summit are the most recent products of Chiginagak. They most likely originated from a lava dome at 1687 m on the SE flank, 1 km from the summit of the volcano, which has variably been estimated to be from 2075 to 2221 m high. Brief ash eruptions were reported in July 1971 and August 1998. Fumarolic activity occurs at 1600 m elevation on the NE flank of the volcano, and two areas of hot-spring travertine deposition are located at the NW base of the volcano near Volcano Creek.