Yantarni

Photo of this volcano
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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano
  • 800 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 57.019°N
  • 157.185°W

  • 1345 m
    4412 ft

  • 312100
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Yantarni.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Yantarni.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Yantarni.

Yantarni is a small andesitic stratovolcano located between Aniakchak caldera and Chiginadak volcanoes that was not discovered until 1979. A large breached crater on the NE side, which was formed by collapse of the summit about 2000-3500 years ago, contains a lava dome that marks the volcano's 1345 m high point. This eruption, which resembled that of Mount St. Helens in 1980, began with a debris avalanche produced by the edifice collapse that was accompanied by a possible lateral blast and followed by the emplacement of 1 cu km of pyroclastic flows related to growth of the summit lava dome. No historical eruptions have been documented from Yantarni.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0800 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Tephrochronology

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Yantarni.

Yantarni volcano, a small, 1345-m-high andesitic stratovoclano with no known historical activity, is located on the Alaska Peninsula. This view from the east shows the central lava dome forming the summit. The low knobs on both sides of the dome at the height of the long left-hand ridge are remnants of a large crater breached to the NE, which formed during collapse of the volcano about 2000-3500 years ago.

Photo by Tom Miller, 1985 (U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Volcano Observatory).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Riehle J R, Yount M E, Miller T P, 1987. Petrography, chemistry, and geologic history of Yantarni volcano, Aleutian volcanic arc, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1761: 1-27.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
190

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Yantarni Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.