Frosty

Photo of this volcano
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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • Unknown - Undated Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 55.082°N
  • 162.814°W

  • 2012 m
    6599 ft

  • 312010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Frosty.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Frosty.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Frosty.

Frosty volcano, the youngest of two large volcanic structures of the Cold Bay volcanic complex, is the westernmost Holocene volcano of the Alaska Peninsula. The oldest products of the roughly 100 cu km Cold Bay complex, which lies SW of the village of Cold Bay, form the glacially dissected late-Pliocene to early Pleistocene Morzhovoi Volcanics at the southern end of the complex. Frosty Peak to the north is a symmetrical late-Pleistocene to Recent stratovolcano constructed within the southernmost of two coalescing craters. The western wall of the ice-filled northern crater is breached by a large valley glacier. The symmetrical summit cone rises about 600 m above the floor of the southern crater.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Frosty. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Frosty page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Cold Bay Volcanic Center


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Morzhovoi Stratovolcano 893 m 55° 0' 0" N 162° 49' 0" W
Frosty volcano, the youngest of two large volcanic structures of the Cold Bay volcanic complex, rises to the SW above an airport runway at Cold Bay at the tip of the Alaska Peninsula. Frosty Peak is a symmetrical late-Pleistocene to Holocene stratovolcano that is constructed within the southernmost of two coalescing craters and forms the high point of the volcanic complex.

Photo by Christina Neal, 1997 (Alaska Volcano Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Brophy J G, 1987. The Cold Bay volcanic center, Aleutian volcanic arc. II. Implications for fractionation and mixing mechanism in calc-alkaline andesite genesis. Contr Mineral Petr, 97: 378-388.

Henning R A, Rosenthal C H, Olds B, Reading E (eds), 1976. Alaska's volcanoes, northern link in the ring of fire. Alaska Geog, 4: 1-88.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Myers J D, 1994. The Geology, Geochemistry and Petrology of the recent Magmatic Phase of the Central and Western Aleutian Arc. Unpublished manuscript, unpaginated.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

Waldron H H, 1961. Geological reconnaissance of Frosty Peak volcano and vicinity, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1028-T: 677-708.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Caldera(s)
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
67
1,153

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Frosty Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.