Adagdak

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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Unrest / Pleistocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 51.988°N
  • 176.592°W

  • 610 m
    2001 ft

  • 311800
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Adagdak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Adagdak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Adagdak.

Mount Adagdak, at the NE tip of Adak Island, lies across Andrew Lagoon from Mount Moffett volcano and about 15 km NNE of Adak, the largest town of the Aleutians. Adagdak consists of a small stratovolcano capping an older shield volcano exposed on the southern side of the complex. An andesitic lava dome fills the summit crater. A late-stage basaltic lava dome was constructed on the SE flank, and a phreatic vent is located on the western flank of the shield volcano. The most recent eruptions from Mount Adagdak have been considered to be Holocene (Marsh, in Wood and Kienle 1990) or Pleistocene (Motyka et al. 1993, Nye et al. 1998). Three stages of volcanism were mapped by Bratten, the youngest of which was a lava dome dated at about 0.21 million years (AVO, 2005-). The older Andrew Bay volcano, located north of Andrew Lagoon between Adagdak and Moffett volcanoes, is preserved only in erosional remnants. Andrew Bay Hot Springs lie along the coast west of Mount Adagdak, and the northern part of Adak Island has been investigated for geothermal power potential.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Adagdak. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Adagdak page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Andrew Bay Caldera 51° 58' 0" N 176° 38' 0" W


Thermal
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Andrew Bay Hot Springs Hot Spring 51° 59' 20" N 176° 37' 0" W
Adagdak, at the NE tip of Adak Island, consists of a small stratovolcano capping an older shield volcano exposed on the southern side of the complex. Three stages of volcanism were mapped, the youngest of which was a lava dome dated at about 0.21 million years. Andrew Bay Hot Springs lie along the coast west of Mount Adagdak, and the northern part of Adak Island has been investigated for geothermal power potential.

Photo by Chris Waythomas, 2000 (Alaska Volcano Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Alaska Volcano Observatory, 2005-. Volcanoes. http://www.avo.alaska.edu/volcanoes.php.

Coats R R, 1956a. Geology of northern Adak Island, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1028-C: 47-66.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Marsh B D, 1990. . (pers. comm.).

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Myers J D, Frost C D, 1994. A petrologic re-investigation of the Adak volcanic center, central Aleutian arc, Alaska. J Volc Geotherm Res, 60: 109-146.

Myers J D, March B D, Sinha A K, 1985. Strontium isotopic and selected trace element variations between two Aleutian volcanic centers (Adak and Atka): implications for the development of arc volcanic plumbing systems. Contr Mineral Petr, 91: 221-234.

Nye C J, McGimsey G, Power J, 1998. Volcanoes of Alaska. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Inf Circ, 38.

Wood C A, Kienle J (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 354 p.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Adagdak Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.