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Kagamil Island lies near the NE end of the Islands of the Four Mountains archipelago in the central Aleutians, between Chuginadak and Uliaga Islands. The southern half of 5 x 10 km Kagamil Island contains two undissected cones of postglacial age with small summit craters. The larger, 893-m-high cone is located at the SE end of the NNW-SSE-trending volcano. Arcuate ridges at the northern and southern ends of the island suggest a possible earlier caldera. Hot springs and fumaroles occur along a steaming beach at the SE coast. The early explorer Veniaminof (1840) indicated that Kagamil formerly "flamed and smoked," but the only eruptive report is of unspecified activity in 1929 (Coats 1950).
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1929 Dec||Unknown||Confirmed||Historical Observations|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Kigamil | Kigamiljach|
|The southern half of 5 x 10 km Kagamil Island in the NE part of the "Islands of Four Mountains" group contains two undissected cones of postglacial age with small summit craters. The larger, 893-m-high cone (center) is seen here from the SW and is located at the SE end of the NNW-SSE-trending volcano. Hot springs and fumaroles occur near the SE coast. The early explorer Veniaminof indicated that Kagamil, also known as Kigamiljach, formerly "flamed and smoked," but the only eruptive report is of unspecified activity in 1929.
Photo by G. Vernon Byrd, 1972 (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, courtesy of Alaska Volcano Observatory).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Coats R R, 1950. Volcanic activity in the Aleutian Arc. U S Geol Surv Bull, 974-B: 35-47.
Henning R A, Rosenthal C H, Olds B, Reading E (eds), 1976. Alaska's volcanoes, northern link in the ring of fire. Alaska Geog, 4: 1-88.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Miller T P, McGimsey R G, Richter D H, Riehle J R, Nye C J, Yount M E, Dumoulin J A, 1998. Catalogue of the historically active volcanoes of Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 98-582: 1-104.
Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.
Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.