Segula

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  • United States
  • Alaska
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Undated Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 52.015°N
  • 178.136°E

  • 1160 m
    3805 ft

  • 311030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Segula.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Segula.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Segula.

The 6 x 7 km island of Segula east of Kiska volcano consists of a conical stratovolcano cut by a prominent NNW-SSE-trending fissure that extends to sea level at both ends of the island. The northern end of the fissure is flooded by the sea to produce a long, narrow cove. Segula was constructed above a 100-m-deep submarine platform that extends eastward to Khvostof and Davidof islands. A submarine debris-avalanche deposit extends up to 18 km offshore to the north. The summit of Segula contains a small, poorly defined caldera that is partly overtopped on the south by a cinder cone that forms the 1153 m high point of the island and on the north by extensive lava flows that reach the NE coast along a broad front. Another lava field on the SE coast originated from a cinder cone at 300 m altitude on the SE flank. No historical eruptions are known from Segula, but Nelson (1959) considered fresh lava flows on the north flank to possibly be only a few hundred years old.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Segula. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Segula page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Chugul
A prominent N-S-trending fissure that extends to sea level at both ends cuts across Segula volcano, located near the western end of the Aleutian arc. The irregular topography on the north side of the island is formed by an extensive lava field that was erupted from the summit crater and blankets the NE flank of the volcano to the coast. A smaller lava field at the lower right originated from a cinder cone on the lower SE flank. A cinder cone constructed along the south rim of a small caldera forms the 1153 m high point of the island.

Photo by U.S. Air Force (published in U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1028-K).
The broad snow-free island at the right center is Davidof, part of the rim of a largely submerged caldera. The snow-capped peak behind Davidof to the NW is historically active Segula volcano. The snow-capped island in the far left distance is Buldir volcano; the photo was taken from Little Sitkin Island.

Photo by Steve Ebbert, 2000 (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service).
The 6 x 7 km island of Segula is seen offshore from the SW. The conical stratovolcano cut by a prominent NNW-SSE-trending fissure that extends to sea level at both ends of the island. The summit of Segula contains a small, poorly defined caldera that is partly overtopped on the south by a cinder cone that forms the 1153 m high point of the island. No historical eruptions are known from Segula, but fresh-looking lava flows are found on the north flank.

Photo by Christina Neal, 2005 (Alaska Volcano Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Coats R R, 1956c. Reconnaissance geology of some western Aleutian islands, Alaska.. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1028-E: 83-100.

Coombs M L, White S M, Scholl D W, 2007b. Massive edifice failure at Aleutian arc volcanoes. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 256: 403-418.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Motyka R J, Liss S A, Nye C J, Moorman M A, 1993. Geothermal resources of the Aleutian arc. Alaska Div Geol Geophys Surv, Prof Rpt, no 114, 17 p and 4 map sheets.

Nelson W H, 1959. Geology of Segula, Davidof, and Khvostof Islands, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1028-K: 257-266.

Smith R L, Shaw H R, Luedke R G, Russell S L, 1978. Comprehensive tables giving physical data and thermal energy estimates for young igneous systems of the United States. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 78-925: 1-25.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera
Fissure vent

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
0

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Segula Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.